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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. IV


352 OLD AIVD NEW EDINBURGH. [Hope Park. ?a broadsword, a real Andrea Femara blade, hung by his bed-side, and over the clock (a very old French one), on the chimneypiece, were attached a broken pipe and withered rose.? The pipe was the gift of a comrade, and a secret story attached to the withered rose ; but, the writer adds, when he handed me his snuff-box, the rniniufum on the lid told everythkg-a blue bonnet, a white rose in it, the graceful flowing tartan, and the sfar upon the breast? He was the son of a Jacobite exile, whom having perished by fire about the beginning of the eighteenth century, little is known of its constitution prior to the time of Queen Anne. A society for the encouragement of archery was first formed in the reign of Charles II., by order of the Secret Council, in 1676, though with what military utility at that time is not very apparent; its seal bore Cupid and Mars, with the motto, IN PEACE AND WARR. They were ordered to ? be modelled and drawn up in a formal company, with drums and THE ARCLIERS? HALL. none knew ; but when he died, he had nothing to bequeath to his friend but his foreign cross, the snufi?box, the claymore, and the pipe, and his story, whatever it was, died with him The Archers? Hall, in this district, is famous as being the head-quarters of the Royal Company of Archers, or King?s Body Guard for Scotland. This remarkable corps, which takes precedence of all royal guards and troops of the line, is composed entirely of nobles and gentlemen cf good position, under a captain-general, who is always a peer of the highest rank, with four lieutenantsgeneral, four majors-general, four ensigns-general, sixteen brigadiers, an adjutant, and surgeon. The ancient records of the Royal Company colours, whereof the officers are to be chosen by the said Counsill, and which company, so formed, shall meet on the Links of Leith,? or elsewhere ; each archer, ?? with sufficient shuting graith, carrying the Company?s. seal and arms in their hatts or bonnets as their proper cognisance.? The Marquis of Athole, with the Earl of Kinghorn andLordElphmstone, commanded, and the Scottish Treasury gave a prize worth Azo sterling to be shot for. This corps, sometimes called the King?s Compapy of Archers, frequently met during the reigns of Charles 11. and James VII., but little can be traced of it after the Revolution. Upon the accession of Queen Anne and the death of the Marquis of Athole, they elected 3s
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The Meadows.] THE ROYAL .ARCHERS. 353 a captahseneral the famous Sir George Mackenzie, then Lord Tarbat, and Secretary of State, and afterwards Earl of Cromartie. Having judiciously chosen a leader of powerful influence and approved fidelity, they obtained from Queen Anne, on the 6th March, 1704, a charter under the Great Seal of Scotland, erecting them into a royal company, receiving and ratifying in their behalf the old laws and acts in favour of archery ; giving them power to enrol members, to select a council, and choose for the Jacobites to omit utilising it for eventual military purposes, and thus when, in 1714, the critical state of the country and the hopes and fears of opposite factions were roused by the approaching death of Queen Anne and the distracted state of her ministry, an unusual amount of vigour inspired the Royal Company of Archers. Their laws were extended on vellum, adorned with festoons of ribbon, and subscribed by all the members ; and they did not hesitate to engross in their minute ARCHERS? HALL: THE DINING HALL. their own leaders ; ?? as also of convening in military fashion, by way of weapon-shaw, under the guidance of their own officers . . . . and of going forth as often as to it shall seem proper, at least once in each year, about Midsummer, to shoot arrow with a bow at a butt.? (?Laws, &c., of the Royal Company of Archers ?-J. B. Paul?s Hist., &c.). The magistrates of Edinburgh soon after gave them a silver arrow, to be shot for yearly. These new rights and privileges they were appointed to possess after the mode of 2 feudal tenure, and to hold them in free gift of her Majesty and her successors, paying therefor an annual acknowledgment of a pair of barbed arrows. Such an organisation as this proved too tempting 03 book, in terms not to be misunderstood, that on his birthday they drank to the health of the exiled James VIII. The first bears on one side Mars and Cupid within a wreath of thistles, with the motto mentioned ; on the other is a yew-tree, supported by two archers, with the motto, Daf gZoria vires. The second colour has on one side the royal standard, or lion rampant, with a crowned thistle and the national motto, Nemo me impune Zacessif. On the other side is St. Andrew on his cross, with a crown over all, and the then very significant motto, Dufce pro patria pwicuZum. On the 14th of June the Earl cf Cromartie, then They still carry a pair of colours.
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