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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. III


gave a similar course to the Duke of Edinburgh, when both were resident in the city. On his removal to London in 1866 he was succeeded as Rector by James Donaldson, LL.D., one of the ablest preceptors that Scotland has produced, Dr. Donaldson was born at Aberdeen on the 26th of April, 1831, and was educated at the Grammar School and Marischal College and University of his native city, and the University of BURNS'S MONUMENT, CALTON HILL. ship and liberal views. Particularly has he distinguished himself by his exhaustive study of the early Christian Fathers, and his "Critical History of Christian Literature and Doctrine from the Death of the Apostles to the Nicene Council " (3 vols.), is a standard work on the important subject with which it deals; while the " Ante-Nicene Christian. Library," of which he is joint-editor, affords further proof of the great and permanent Edinburgh University, Rector of the High School of Stirling in 1854, classical master in the High School of Edinburgh in 1856, and Rector of the same school in 1866, in succession, as has been seen, to Dr. Leonhard Schmitz. During his rectorship the High School conspicuously sustained the world-wide reputation which it has always enjoyed for the all-round excellence of its education. Though Dr. Donaldson devoted himself to the watchful guidance of the great institution over which he presided with rare zeal and affectionate solicitude for its interests and those of the scholars entrusted to his care, .he found time to enrich the classical and educational stores of his country by various works exhibiting alike profound scholardepartment of Christian history and theology. Dr. Donaldson was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and received the degree of LL.D. from -4berdeen University; he has edited at different times various periodical journals, and has contributed several articles to the " Encyclopzdia Britannia.." In 1881 he was appointed professor of Humanity in the University of Aberdeen. Among other eminent classical masters in the new High School were John Macmillan, a native of Dumfries-shire, and John Carmichael, a native of Inverness, who was succeeded in 1848 by his nephew, also named John Carmichael, who had won classical distinction both in the Edinburgh Academy and at the University, and who was one
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of the most brilliant conversationalists and the kindest-hearted of men in Edinburgh. Among the prizes competed for are the gold THE HIGH SCHOOL. medal was first awarded." The appendix to Stevens's history of the famous school contains a most interesting list of 180 boys, medallists or city for Greek in the Rector's class ; the Ritchie gold medal, presented in 1824, by Mr. William Ritchie, for twenty-three years a master of the school; the Macdonald, a third class medal, given by Colonel John Macdonald, of the regiment of Clan Alpine, son of the celebrated Flora Macdonald, and presented for the first time in 1824. The College Bailie silver medal for writing, the personal gift of the gentleman holding that office for the year, was first presented in 1814, and for the last time in 1834. "The head boy or dux of the school, at the yearly examination, till about the close of the eighteenth century," says Dr. Steven, '( usuallyreceived from the city, as a prize, a copy of the best edition of one of the classics. This was prior to I 794, when a gold 63 a gold medal given by Lieut.-Colonel Peter Murray, Adjutant-General in Bengal in 1794, and the name of which was changed to the Macgregor. institution in the kingdom has ever sent forth SO many pupils who have added fresh laurels to the glory of their country. In it is still preserved as a relic the carved stone which was over the principal entrance of the first school from'1578 to 1777. It bears within a panel the triple castle of the city, with the initials I. S., and, under the thistle, the date and legend :- MVSIS : RESPUBLICA FLORET. 1578. Above t6is in a pediment is an imperial cronm, with two thistles and the initials I. R. 6. The High School Club, composed of old scholars, was first instituted in 1849. At a great entertainment given in the city to Mr. (afterwards Lord) Brougham, on the 25th of April, 1825, presided over by Henry (afterwards Lord) Of the distinguished men in every department of life who conned their studies in the class-rooms, even of the new High School, it is impossible to attempt
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