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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. III


74 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Holyroob chateau of Chantilly, from plans by the royal architect, Sir William Bruce of Balcaskie and Kinross, the palace as we find it now was built by Charles 11. and James VII., with a zeal that has been supposed to imply forethought of having a fit retreat in their ancient capital if driven from that of England. The inscription in large Roman letters- FVN . BE. RO . MYLNE . MM . IVL . 1671- marks the site of the foundation of the modern additions ; it is in a pier of the north-west piazza. Before the Antiquarian Society in 1858 was read a statement of the ? Accounts of Sir William Bruce of Balcaskie, General Surveyor of H.M. Works, 1674-9.?? The re?ckoning between these years was it;160,000 Scots, of which sum four-fifths were spent on Holyrood, the new works on which had been begun, in 1671, and so vigorously carried on, that by January, 1674, the mason-work had been nekly completed. The Dutch artist, Jacob de Urt, was employed to paint ? One piece of historia in the king?s bed-chamber? for A120 Scots. The coats-of-arms which are above the great entrance and in the quadrangle were cut from his designs. Holyrood Palace is an imposing quadrangular edifice, enclosing a piazza-bounded Palladian court, ninety-four feet square. Its front faces the west, and consists of battlemented double towers on each flank. In the centre is the grand entrance, having double Doric columns, above which are the royal arms of Scotland, and over them an octagonal clock-tower, terminating in an imperial crown. The Gallery of the Kings, the largest apartment in the palace, is 150 feet long by 27 feet broad, and is decorated by a hundred fanciful portraits of the Scottish kings, from Fergus 1. to James VII., by Jacob de Urt, and there is an interesting portrait of Mary and of the latter monarch, and at the end of the gallery are four remarkable paintings, taken from Scotland by James VI., and sent back from Hampton Court in 1857. They represent James 111. and his queen Margaret of Denmark (about 1484), at devotion; on the reverses are Sir Edward Boncle, Provost of Trinity College ; the figure of St. Cecilia at the organ represents Mary of Gueldres, and the whole, which are by an artist of the delicate Van Eck school, are supposed to have formed a portion of the altarpiece of the old Trinity College Church. In this gallery the elections of the Scottish peers take place. Beyond it are Lord Darnley?s rooms ; among the portraits there are those of Darnley and his brother, and from thence a stair leads to Queen Mary?s apartments above. The Tapestry Room contains two large pieces of arras, and among several valuable portraits one of James Duke of Hamilton, beheaded in 1649. The Audience Chamber-the scene of Mary?s stormy interviews with Knox-is panelled and embellished with various royal initials and coatsarmorial ; the furniture is richly embroidered, and includes a venerable state-bed, used by Charles I., by Prince Charles Edward, and by Cumberland on the night of the 30th January, 1746. Mary?s bedchamber measures only 22 feet by 18 feet, and at its south-west corner is her dressing-room, The ancient furniture, the faded embroideries and tapestries, and general aspect of this wing, which is consigned peculiarly to memories of the past are all in unison with the place ; but the royal nursery, with its blue-starred dome, the Secretary of State?s room, with the royal private apartments generally now in use, are all in the south and eastern sides of the palace, and are reached by a grand staircase from the south-east angle of the court. CHAPTER XI. HOLYROOD PALACE (concZdaf). The King?s Birthday in 1665-James Duke of Albany-The Duchess of York and G e n d Daltell-Funeral of the Duke of Rothes - A Gladiatorial Exhibition-Departure of the Scottish Household Troops-The Hunters? Company?s Balls-Fmt and Second Viis of the Royal Family of France-Recent Improvements-St. h e ? s Yard removed-The Ornamental Fountain built. IN the IntelZ&zce for the 1st of June, 1665, we have a description. of the exuberant loyalty that followed the downfall of the Commonwealth. ?Edinburgh, May 29, being His Majesty?s birthday, was most solemnly kept by all ranks in this city. My Lord Commissioner, in his state, With his life-guard on horseback, and Sir Andrew Ramsay, Lord Provost, Bailies, and Council in their robes, accompanied by all the Trained Bands in arms, went to church and heard the Bishop of Edinburgh upon a text well applied for the work of the day. Thereafter thirty-five aged men in
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Holyrood.1 THE HOUSEHOLD TROOPS. . 75 ? blew gowns, each having got thirty-five shillings in a purse, came up from the abbey to the great church, praying all along for His Majesty. Sermon being ended, His Grace entertained all the nobles and gentlemen with a magnificent feast and open table. After dinner the Lord Provost and Council went to the Cross, where was a green arbour loaded with oranges and lemons, wine running liberally for divers hours at eight conduits, to the great solace of the indigent commons there. Having drunk all the royal healths, which were seconded by great guns from the castle, sound of trumpets and drums, volleys from the Trained Bands, and joyful acclamations from the people, they plenti- ? fully entertained the multitude. After which, my Lord Commissioner, Provost, and Bailies went to the castle, where they were entertained with all sorts of wine and sweatmeats ; and returning, the Provost countenancing all neighbours that had put up bonfires by appearing at their fires, which jovialness continhed, with ringing of bells and shooting of great guns, till 12 o?clock at night.? . In October, 1679, the Duke of Albany and York, with his family, including the future queens, Mary and Anne, took up his residence at Hdyrood, where the gaiety and brilliance of his court gave great satisfaction. The princesses were easy and affable, and the duke left little undone to win the love of the people, but the time was an unpropitious one, for they were at issue with him on matters of fxith ; yet it is clearly admitted by Fountainhall that his birthday was observed more cordially than that of the king. The duke golfed frequently at Leith. ? I remember in my youth,? wrote Mr. William Tytler, ? to have conversed with an old man named Andrew Dickson, a golf-club maker, who said that when a boy he used to carry the duke?s golf-clubs, and run before him to announce where the balls fell.? The sixteen companies of the Trained Bands attended the duke?s amval in the city, and sixty selected men from each company were ordered ? to attend their royal highnesses, apparelled in the best manner,?? and the latter were banqueted in the Parliament House, at the cost of A5231 13s. sterling. The brilliance of the little court wa: long remembered after the royal race were in hopeless exile. One of the most celebrated beauties of its circle was the wife of Preston oi Denbrae, who survived till the middle of the lasl century. In the Cupar burial register this entr) occurs concerning her :-? Buried a I st December, 1757, Lady Denbrae, aged 107 years.? The duke and duchess are said to have beer early warned of the haughty punctilio of thf Scottish noblesse by a speech of General Dalzell of Binns, whom the former had invited to line at the palace, when Nary d?Este, as a laughter of the ducal-prince of Modena, declined to take her place at table with a subject. r?Madam,?? said the grim veteran, ?I have lined at a table, where your father must have stood at my back !? In this instance it is supposed :hat he alluded to the table of the Emperor of Zermany, whom the Duke of Modena, if summoned, must have attended as an officer of the lousehold. The same commander having ordered a guardsman who had been found asleep on his post at the ?alace to be shot, he was forgiven by order of ;he duke. In August, 1681, one of the grandest funerals :ver seen in Scotland left Holyrood-that of the High ChanceIlor, the Duke of Rothes, who died :here on the 26th July. The account of the pro- :ession fills six quarto pages of Amot?s ?? History,? md enumerates among the troops present the Scots Foot Guards, a train of Artillery, the Scots Fusiliers, and Horse Guards of the Scottish army. 1$ April, 1705, John, the great Duke of Argyle, took up his residence at the palace as Commissioner to the Parliament, on which occasion he was received by a double salvo from the castle batteries, by the great guns in the Artillery Park, ? and from 111 the men-of-war, both Dutch and Scottish, then lying in the road of Leith.? the Life and Horse Guards, Horse Grenadier Guards, and the two battalions of the Foot Guards, ceased to do duty at Holyrood, being all removed permanently to London, though a detachment of the last named corps garrisoned the Bass Rock till the middle of the last century. A strange gladiatorial exhibition is recorded as taking place on a stage at the back of the palace on the 23rd of June, 1726, when one of those public combats then so popular at the Bear Garden in London, ensued between a powerful young Inshman named Andrew Bryan (who had sent a drum through the city defying all men) and a veteran of Killiecrankie, named Donald Bane, then in his sixty-second year. They fought with various weapons, in presence of many noblemen, gentlemen, and military officers, for several hours, and Bryan was totally vanquished, after receiving some severe wounds from his unscathed antagonist. The annual ball of the Honourable Company of Hunters at Holyrood, begins to be regularly chronicled in the Edinburgh papers about this In 1711 the Scottish Household troops, viz., -
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