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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. II


282 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [High Street. style, with many ornate gables, dormer windows, %ut was a second time stolen ; and in the strangulation on the scaffold, and the being fouricl in a ditch among water, the superstitious saw retributive justice for the murder of which he was assumed to be guilty. ? I t will be acknowledged,? says the author of the ? Domestic Annals,? ?that in the circumstances related there is not a particle of valid evidence against the young man. The surgeons? opinion as to the fact of strangulation is not entitled to much regard ; but, granting its solidity, it does not prove the guilt of the ac- .cused. The horror of the young man on seeing his father?s blood might be referred to painful recol- Jections of that profligate conduct which he knew had distressed his parent, and brought his grey hairs with sorrow to the grave-especially when we reflect that Stanfield would himself be impressed with the superstitious feelings of the age, and might .accept the hzmorrhage as an accusation by heaven on account of the concern his conduct had in shortening the life of his father. The whole case :seems to be a lively illustration of the effect of superstitious feelings in blinding justice.? We have thus traced the history of the High Street and its closes down once more to the Nether Bow. In the World?s End Close Lady Lawrence was a residenter in 1761, and Lady Huntingdon in 1784, and for some years after the creation of the New Town, people of position continued to linger in the Old Town and in the Canongate. And from Peter Williamson?s curious little ?? Directory ? for 1784, we can glean a few names, thus :- I Scottish gentleman, who, though he did not partici- Lady Mary Carnegie, in Bailie Fyfe?s Close; Lady Colstoun and the Hon. Alexander Gordon, on the Castle Hill; General Douglas, in Baron Maule?s Close; Lady Jean Gordon, in the Hammerman?s Close; Sir James Wemyss, in Riddle?s Close; Sir John Whiteford of that ilk, in the Anchor Close ; Sir Jameg Campbell, in the Old Bank Close; Erskine of Cardross, in the Horse Wynd ; Lady Home, in Lady Stair?s Close. In Monteith?s Close, in 1794, we find in the ? Scottish Hist. Register for 1795 recorded the death of Mr. John Douglas, Albany herald, uncle of Sir Andrew Snape Douglas, who was captain of the Queen CharZoffe, of IIO guns, and who fought her so valiantly in Lord Bridport?s battle on ? the glonous 23rd of June, 1795.? The house occupied ?by Lady Rothiemay in Turk?s Close, below Liberton?s Wynd, was advertised for sale in the Couranf of 1761 ; and there lived, till his death in 1797, James Nelson, collector of the Ministers? Widows? Fund. In Morrison?s Close in 1783, we find one of the most fashionable modisfes of Edinburgh announcing in the Adverfiser of that year, that she is from ?one of the most eminent houses in London,? and that her work is finished in the newest fashions :- ? Chemize de Lorraine, Grecian Robes, Habit Bell, Robe de Coure, and Levites, different kinds, all in the most genteel and approved manner, and on the most reasonable terms.? In the same year, the signboard of James and Francis Jeffrey, father and uncle of Lord Jeffrey, still hung in the Lawnmarket. CHAPTER XXXIV. NEW STREETS WITHIN THE AREA OF THE FLODDEN WALL. h r d ?Cockburn Street-Lord Cockburn-The Scotsmun NewspapeFCharles Maclaren and Alexander Russel-The Queen?s Edinburgh Rifle Brigade-St. Giles Street-Sketch of the Rise d Journalism in Edinburgh-The EdinQxrgk Courunt-The Daily Rnrieur-Jelfrey Street-New Trinity College Church THE principal thoroughfare, which of late years has been run through the dense masses of the ancient alleys we have been describing, is Lord Cockburn Street, which was formed in 1859, and strikes northward from the north-west corner of Hunter?s Square, to connect the centre of the 012 city with -the railway terminus at Waverley Bridge ; it goes curving down a comparatively steep series of slopes, and is mainly edificed in the Scottish baronial lofty tenements in many of the closes that descend from the north side of the High Street, and was very properly named after Lord Cockburn, one entitled to special remembrance on many accounts, and for the deep interest he took in all matters connected with his birthplace. When he died, in April, 1854, he was one of the best and kindliest of the old school of ?Parliameht House Whigs,? and was a thorough, honest, shrewd, and benevolent and conical turrets, high over all of which towers . the dark and mighty mass of the Royal Exchange. This new street expdses aromantic section of the pate to any extent in the literary labours of his contemporaries, has left behind him an interesting volume of ? Memorials.? Many can yet recall his
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THE SCOTSMAN. plain, old-fashioned, yet gentlemanly bearing, his quiet gait, and shrewd features, when the clear bright glance was never dimmed, though the shaggy eyebrow grew snowier ; while in conversation he furnished almost the last remnant of idiomatic Scottish phrase and accent in its old courtly gentility. The most important edifice on the south side of Cockburn Street is unquestionably, for many reasons, the ofice of the Scotsman newspaper, No. 30 -the leading journal in Scotland, and of which it may be truly said that there is no newspaper out of London, and only one or two in it, which has an influence so widely felt. About 1860 the offices of the Scotsman were removed from the High Street, where they had long been situated, to the new buildings in Cockburn Street, where no .expense had been spared to make the establishment complete in all its appointments, and the perfection of what a newspaper office should be. The heading of the newspaper is carved in stone along the front of the edifice. The front block contains five floors. On the street floor are the advertisement and publishing offices, where orders for the paper are taken in and the answers to numbered advertisements received. This department is entirely managed by an ample staff of fernale clerks. The manager's room and counting room are on the first floor above. The paper usually contains not less than from 700 to 3,600 advertisements daily, and in receiving and entering these a large staff of clerks is engaged. The editorial departments are on the next floor above, and consist of a fine suite of eight rooms, opening off a spacious corridor, and all are fitted with speaking tubes and bells, communicating with every department of the establishment. In each room there is also a "copy" shoot of ingenious con struction, which enables the printer's imp to be dispensed with. " Copy" is simply dropped into it, and, by pulling a cord, is drawn instantly to the composing-room. One of the rooms is set apad as a telegraph office, the establishment being in direct communi. cation with London by means of its own special wires. The composing-room, 150 feet long by 30 in breadth, is well-lighted and ventilated. Three rooms for " readers " are screened off at one end, and at the other are the lavatory, cloak,and smokingrooms, for the use of the workmen, about a hundred of whom are employed in the typographical department alone. There is also a stereotype foundry j and a library, composed of several thousand volumes, free to all employed upon the premises. Two spacious apartments that measure together 80 feet in length by 40 in breadth, and with ceilings 25 feet in height, are the machine rooms. In these are three Walter presses, that print and fold from. the web at the rate of 36,000 copies of a large eightpage sheet per hour. As a provision against accidents, there are two sets of engines and boilers. There is also a small printing machine which is used for printing the bill of contents. Over the machine room is the despatching room, a spacious. hall, the general fittings of which seem a compound between a post-office and a railway ticket office. Several rooms, in addition to these mentioned. are connected with the machine department, and on the east side of the Anchor Close is an extensive. ink and paper store. " In all the great towns in England correspon-. dents are engaged," says David Bremner, in his. " Industries of Scotland i' " and in London thereis a staff of reporters and a sub-editor. Even in New York the paper is represented, and special telegrams from that city have appeared on several occasions. The arrangements with the telegraph companies for the supply of foreign news are most^ complete. With this vast organisation for collecting news at command, the Scotsman daily presents. not only a complete record of current events in Scotland, but each copy may be said to be an epitome of the world's history for a day." A special express engine, hired by the proprietors at a cost of &I,OOO a year, conveys the Scotsman parcels for Glasgow and the West of Scotland. At this time, including all departments, nearly 200 persons are employed on the premises; and: if to these be added paid contributors and others, the number of persons receiving remuneration for their services will be swelled to fully 500, who obtain among them &3,ooo a year. Of the daily issue of the paper 330,000 copies are printed every week, and of the weekly issue 60,000 copies, which give a circulation of 3g0,ooo a week, or 20,280,000 a year. The annual production would,. if spread out, cover about eleven square miles of ground, and if the sheets were placed end' to end they would form a ribbon about 18,000 miles long and 4 feet broad. According to a privately-printed memoir of Mr. Charles Maclaren, who for thirty years (1817-47) was editor of the Scotsman, it was in the year 1816 that the idea of starting an independent newspaper in Edinburgh originated. The political influences which overspread Scotland after the close of the long war had permeated society, and the ruling powers carried their repressive effects into every sphere of action. Hence the local press was very abject, without courage enough to expose any
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