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Memorials of Edinburgh in the Olden Time


YAMES V. TO ABDICA TION OF QUEEN MAR Y. 49 he had great store of all kind of silver wark, yet nottheless, for the greater maa,,anificence, he set forth ane cupboard furnished with all sorts of glasses of the finest chrystal that could be made ; and to make the said patriarch understand that there was great abundance thereof in Scotland, he caused one of his servants, as it had been by aloth and negligence, pull down the cupboard cloth, so that all the whole christellings suddenly were cast down to the earth and broken ; wherewith the patriarch was very sorry, but the Earl suddeuly caused bring another cupboard, better furnished with fine chrystal nor that was; which the patriarch praised, as well for the magnscence of the Earl, as for the fineness of the clirystal, affirming that he never did see better in Venice, where he himself was born.” The legate exercised considerable influence over the Queen Dowager, and on his departure, transferred his legatine power to Cardinal Beaton. Meanwhile, the people were filled with the utmost joy at the prospect of a peace, the uncertainty which had prevailed for SO many years having nearly destroyed trade. The merchants bestirred themselves immediately with the liveliest zeal, every seaport of the kingdom exhibited the most active symptoms of preparation for renewing the commercial intercourse, so long interrupted with England, and Edinburgh alone fitted out twelve large vessels, and despatched them laden with the moat valuable merchandise. But the Cardinal soon regained his liberty; and, aided by the co-operation of the Queen Dowager and the contributions of the clergy, who at a convocation‘ held at St Andrews, in May of the Eame year, not only voted him money, but even the silver vessels of their churches, he speedily overturned all the amichle arrangements with the English Monarch, and the numerous fleets of merchantmen, that had so recently sailed for the English seaports, were there seized, their merchandise confiscated, and the crews declared prisoners of war. The fist use the Cardinal made of this fund, was to turn his arms against his rivals at home. The Earl of Lennox having appropriated the larger portion of thirty thousand crowns sent by the King of France to aid the efforts of the Catholic party, the Cardinal persuaded the facile Regent to raise an army to proceed against him to Glasgow, where he then lay in the Bishop’s Castle there; but Lennox immediately summoning his own friends and vassals *to his otandard, marched to Leith at the head of an army of ten thousand men, from whence he sent a message to the Cardinal at Edinburgh, intimating that he desired to save him such a journey, and would be ready to meet him any day he chose, in the fields between Edinburgh and Leith. Thus were the nobles of Scotland divided into rival factions, and bent only on each others, overthrow, when, on the 1st of May 1544, an armament, consisting of two hundred sail, commanded by Dudley Lord l’Isle, then High Admiral of England, which had been prepared by Henry to send against the French coast, made its appearance in the Firth of Forth j and so negligent had the Cardinal proved in providing against the enemy, whom he excited to this attack, that the first notice he had of their intentions, was the disembarkation of the English forces, under the command of the Earl of Hertford, at Newhaven, and the seizure of the town of Leith.’ The Cardinal immediately deserted the capital and fled in the greatest dismay to Stirling. The Earl of Hertford demanded the unconditional surrender of the infant Queen, and being informed that the Scottish capital Bishop Lealie’a History of Scotland, Ban. Club, p. 179. ’ Ibid, p. 180. Q
Volume 10 Page 54
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