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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I


soldiers of the garrison made a fruitless defence till the 6th of June, 1296, when they were compelled to capitulate-the weather being intensely sultry and the wells having dried up. In accordance with Edward?s usual sanguinary policy, the whole garrison was put to the sword with ruthless cruelty, and Walter de Huntercombe, a baron of Northumberland, was made governor of the new one; but in the next year Wallace with his patriots swePt like a torrent over the Lowlands. Victorious at Stirling, in particular, he slew Cressingham, and recaptured all the fortresses - Edinburgh among them. Scotland was cleared of the English ; but the invasion of I zg8 followed ; Wallace was betrayed, and too well do we know how he died. The year 1300 saw ?Johan de Kingeston, Connestable et Gardeyn du Chaste1 de Edenburgh,? and four years afterwards he was succeeded by Sir Piers de Lombard, a brave Robert Bruce was now in arms. He in turn had became conqueror ; he invaded England in 1311, and by the following year had re-captured nearly every castle but that of . knight of Gascony. was made on the night of the 14th of March-which proved dark and stormy-at the most difficult part of those precipitous blxffs which overhang the Princes? Street Gardens, where a fragment of ruin, named Wallace?s Cradle, is still visible. Under his guidance, with only thirty resolute men, Randolph scaled the walls at midnight, and, after a fierce resistance, the garrison was overpowered. There are indications that some secret pathway, known to the Scottish garrison, existed, for during some CHANCEL ARCH OF ST. MARGARET?S CHAPEL. Edinburgh, the reduction of which he entrusted to the noble Sir Thomas Randolph of Strathdon, Earl of Moray, who has been described as ?a man altogether made up of virtues.? The English or Norman garrison suspecting the fidelity of Sir Piers, placed him in a dungeon, and under a newly-elected commander, were prepared to offer a desperate resistance, when a romantic incident restored the Castle to the king of Scotland. Among the soldiers of Randolph was one named William Frank, who volunteered to lead an escalade up a steep and intricate way by which he had been accustomed in former years to visit a girl in the city of whom he was enamoured. Frequent use had made him familiar with the perilous ascent, and it - operations in 1821 traces were found of steps cut in the rock, about seventyfeetabove the fragment named ? Wallace?s Cradle ?- a path supposed to have been completcd by a movable ladder. Sir Piers de Lombard (sometimes called Leland) joined King Kobert, who, according to Barbour, created him Viscount of Edinburgh; but afterwards suspecting him of treason, and ?that he had an English hart, made him to be hangit and drawen.? To prevent it from being re-captured or r e-ga rri son e d, R a ndolph dismantled the Castle, which for fourand- twenty years afterwards remained a desolate ruin abandoned to the bat and the owl. shattered walls afforded While in this state its shelter for a single night, in 1335, to therouted troops of Guy, Count of Namur, who had landed at Berwick, and was marching to join Edward III., but was encountered on the Burghmuir by the Earls of Moray and March, with powerful forces, when a fierce and bloody battle ensued. Amid it, Richard Shaw, a Scottish squire, was defied to single combat by a Flemish knight in a closed helmet, and both fell, each transfixed by the other?s lance. On the bodies being stripped of their armour, the gallant stranger proved to be a woman ! While the issue of the battle was still doubtful, the earls were joined by fresh forces under Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, William Douglas, and Sir David de Annan. The
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Count?s troops, chiefly cavalry, now gave way, but still fighting with the dogged valour of Walloons. Part of them that fled by Sk Mary?s Wynd were nearly cut to pieces by Sir David de Annan, who led his men battle-axe in hand. The few that escaped him joined others who had reached the Castle. There they slaughtered their horses, made a rampart of the bodies,andfought behind it with an energy born of despair, till hunger and thirst on the following day compelled them to capitulate, and the Earl of Moray suffered them to depart on giving oath never again to beararms against David 11. of Scotland. In 1867 agreat q u a n t i t y of bones-the relics of this conflictwere discovered about five feet below the surface, on the northern verge of the Eurghmuir, where now Glengyl e Terrace is built, and were decently re-interred by the authorities. In 1336 Edward III., still prosecuting the cause of the minion ~~ cunning enemy to whom the secret is unknown. The entrance is still seen in the side of the deep draw-well, which served alike to cloak their purpose and to secure for the concealed a ready supply of pure water. From this point Ramsay often extended his ravages into Northumberland. ?? WALLACE?S CRADLE,? EDINBURGH CASTLE. Baliol against King David, re-fortified the ruin ; and on the 15th June Sir John de Kingeston was again appointed its governor ; but he had a hard time of it ; the whole adjacent country was filled by adventurous bands of armed Scots. The most resolute and active of these was the band of Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, whose place of retreat was in the caves beneath the romantic house of Hawthornden, then the abode of a traitor named Abernethy, and which are so ingeniously constructed as to elude the vigilance of the most 4 Covered with glory and honour, the noble King Robert, the skilful Randolph, and the chivalrous Sir James Douglas, had all gone down to the silent tomb ; but other heroes succeeded them, and valiant deeds were done. The Scots thought of nothing but battle; the plough was allowed to rust, and the earth to take care of itself. By 1337 the Eoglish were again almost entirely driven out of Scotland, and the Castle of Edinburgh was recaptured from them through an ingenious strai% gem, planned by William Bullock, a priest, who had been captain of Cupar Castle for Baliol, ?and was a man very brave and faithful to the Scots, and of great use to them,? according to Buchanan. Under his directions, Walter Curry, of Dundee, received into his ship two hundred select Scottish soldiers, led by William Douglas, Sir Simon Fraser, Sir John Sandilands, and Bullock also. Anchoring in Leith Roads, the latter presented himself to the governor as master of an English ship just arrived with wines and provisions, which he offered to sell for the use of the garrison. The bait took all the more Keadily that the supposed captain had closely shaven himself in the Anglo-Norman fashion. On
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