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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I


reality as a spy from Elizabeth. ?He was next visited, in a pretended friendly manner, by Sir Williain Drury, Elizabeth?s Marshal of Berwick, the same who built Drury House in Wych Street, London, and who fell in a duel with Sir John Burroughs about precedence, and from whom Drury Lane takes its name. When about to enter the Castle gate, an English deserter, who had enlisted under Queen Mary, in memory of some grudge, was about to shoot him with his arquebuse, ROOM IN EDINBURGH GASTLE IN WHICH JAMES VI. WAS BORN. began to invest the Castle with his paid Scottish companies, who formed a battery on the Cast!e hill, from which Kirkaldy drove them all in rout on the night of the 15th. On the following day, Sir William Drury, in direct violation of the Treaty of Blois, which declared ?that no foreign troops should enter Scotland,? at the head of the old bands of Berwick, about 1,500 men, marched for Edinburgh. A trumpeter, on the 25th of April, summoned Kirkaldy to surrender j but he replied Kirkaldy. This courtesy was ill-requited by his red flag on David?s Tower as a token of resistance of the walls, &c.? In anticipation of a siege, the citizens built several traverses to save the High Street from being enfiladed ; one of these, formed between the Thieves? Hole and Bess Wynd, was two ells in thickness, composed of turf and mud; and another near it was two spears high. In the city, the Parliament assembled on the I 7th of January, with a sham regalia of gilt brass, as Kirkaldy had the crown and real regalia in the Castle. When joined by some English pioneers, Morton by the 15th of May. These were armed with thirty guns, including two enormous bombardes or roo-pounders, which were loaded by means of a crane ; a great carthoun or £er ; and many 18-pounders. There was also a movable battery of falcons. Under the Regent Morton, the first battery was on the high ground now occupied by the Heriot?s Hospital; the second,under Drury,opposed to St. Margaret?s Tower, was near the Lothian Road ; the third, under Sir C-eorge Carey, and the
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Edinburgh Castle.] KIRKALDY?S SURRENDER. 49 fourth, under Sir Henry Lee, were somewhere near St. Cuthbeds church ; while the fifth, under Sir Thomas?Sutton, was on the line of Princes Street, and faced King Davids Tower. All these guns opened simultaneously on Sunday, the 17th of May, by salvoes; and the shrieks of the women in the Castle were distinctly heard in the camp of the Regent and in the city. The fire was maintained on both sides with unabated vigour-nor were the arquebuses idle-till the 23rd, when Sutton?s guns having breached sieged depended chiefly for water. This great battery then covered half of the Esplanade Holinshed mentions another spring, St. Margaret?s Well, from which Kirkaldy?s men secretly obtained water till the besiegers poisoned it ! By this time the survivors were so exhausted by toil and want of food as to be scarcely able to bear armour, or work the remaining guns. On the 28th Kirkaldy requested a parley by beat of drum, and was lowered over the ruins by ropes in his armour, to arrange a capitulation ; but Morton would hear ANCIENT POSTERN hND TURRET NEAR THE QUEEN?S POST. Davfd?s Tower, the enormous mass, with all its guns and men, and with a roar as of thunder, came crashing over the rocks, and masses of it must have fallen into the loch zoo feet below. The Gate Tower with the portcullis and Wallace?s Tower, were battered down by the 24th. The guns of the queen?s garrison were nearly silenced, now, and cries of despair were heard. The great square Peel and the Constable?s Tower, with the curtain between, armed with brass cannon-dikes of great antiquity-came crashing down in succession, and their d&is choked up the still existing drawwells. Still the garrison did not quite lose heart, until the besiegers got passession of the Spur, within which was the well on which the bea of nothing now save an unconditional surrender, so the red flag of defiance was pulled down on the following day. By the Regent?s order the Scottish companies occupied the breaches, with orders to exclude all Englishmen. ?The governor delivered his sword to Sir William Drury on receiving the ?solemn assurance of being restored to his estatc and liberty at the intercession of Q-ueen Elizabeth The remnant of his gamson marched into the city in armour with banners displayed ; there came forth, with the Lord Home, twelve knights, zoo soldiers, and ten boys, with several ladies, including the Countess of Argyle.? The brave commander was basely delivered up by Drury to the I vindictive power of the Regent j and he and his
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