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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. V


28 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Burghmuir. great forest of Drumsheugh, wherein the white. bull, the Caledonian boar, the elk and red deer roamed, and where broken and lawless men had their haunt in later times. Yet some clearances of timber must have been made there before 1482, when James Iii. mustered on it, in July, 50,000 men under the royal standad for an invasion of England, which brought about the rebellious raid of Lauder. On the 6th October, 1508, his son James IV., by a charter Among those who then got lands here were Sir Alexander Lauder of Blyth, Provost of the City, and George Towers of the line of Inverleith, whose name was long connected with the annals of the city. It was on this ground-the Campus Martius of the Scottish hosts-that James IV. mustered, in the summer of 1513, an army of IOO,OOO men, the most formidable that ever marched against England; and a fragment of the hare-stane, or bore- THE LIBRARY AAI.I., EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY. under the Great Seal, leased the Burghmuir to the council and community of Edinburgh (City Charters, I 143-1540) empowering them to farm and cIear it of wood, which led to the erection within the city of those quaint timber-fronted houses, many of which still remain in the closes and wynds, and even in the High Street. In 1510 we find, from the Burgh Records, that the persons to whom certain acres were let there, were bound to build thereon ?dwelling-houses, malt-barns, and cow-bills, and to have servants for the making of malt betwixt (30th April) and Michaelmas, I 5 I 2 ; and failing to do so, to pay to the common works of the town; and also to pay 6 5 for every acre of the three acres set to them.? stane, in which the royal standard was planted, on this and many similar occasions, is still preserved, and may be seen built into a wall, at Banner Place, near Morningside Church. As Drummond records, the place was then ? spacious and made delightful by the shade of many stately and aged oaks.? ?? There were assembled,? says Pitscottie, ? all his earls, lords, barons, and burgesses ; and all manner of men between sixty and sixteen, spiritual and temporal, burgh and land, islesmen and others, to the number of a hundred thousand, not reckoning carriagemen and artillerymen, who had charge of fifty shot-cannons.? When some houses were built in the adjacent School Lane in 1825, hundreds
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