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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. IV


240 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Cowgate. on any pretext, under pain of forfeiture of all he possessed and final banishment-measures rendered necessary by the recent defeat at Pinkey. In 1555 the magistrates assigned the care of the Cowgate Port-the gate which closed the street on a line with the Pleasance-to Luke Moresoun for In 1558 the causeway of the Cowgate was ~ ordered to be raised and re-laid level at the expense of the heritors, from the (Black) Friars Wynd to Marlin?s Wynd. The gorge through which the Cowgate runs must once have been much deeper than it is now become, OLD HOUSES IN THE COWGATE, NEAR THE SOUTH BRIDGE, 1850. (FWN a drnwiwg t.r Willinnr chr~=i-s..) thirty shillings yearly, with orders ?to steik and oppin the samyn,? from Michaelmas to Candlemas, between 6 am. and 5 p.m., and from Candlemas to Michaelmas between 6 a.m. and 8 p.m. ; and in the same year they paid fourteen shillings to Mungo Hunter, smith, for a new great hanging lock and key for the gate, because ?the auld loke was first brokin and mendit that it could nocht be eftir mendit? by the accumulation of soil and successive causeways. As a proof of this, in 1836 the blade of a large knife or dagger was found eleven feet below the present surface, while a drain was being dug ; and in the October of the same year an ancient iron hammer was found six feet below the surface, lying close to a thick stone wall, which had once crossed the Cowgate diagonally towards the west side of the Candlemaker Row.
Volume 4 Page 240
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