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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. III


H o l y d . ] MODERN IMPROVEMENTS. 79 bade them farewell in the Gallery of the Kings, while a vast concourse assembled outside, all wearing the white cockade. Another: multitude was collected at Newhaven, where the Fishermen's Society formed a kind of body-guard to cover the embarkation. '' A few gentlemen," says the editor of " Kay's Portraits," " among whom were Colonel Macdonel, the Rev. Mr. (afterwards Bishop) Gillis, John Robinson, Esq., and Dr. Browne, accompanied His Majesty on board the steamer, which they did not leave till she was under weigh. The distress of the king, and particularly of the dauphin, at being obliged to quit a country to which they were so warmly attached was in the highest degree affecting. The Duc de Bordeaux wept bitterly, and the Duc d'AngouEme, embracing Mr. Gillis d la 3ranfaise, gave unrestrained scope to his emotion. The act of parting with one so beloved, whom he had known and distinguished in the salons of the Tuileries and St. Cloud, long before his family had sought an asylum in the tenantless halls of Holyrood, quite overcame his fortitude, and excited feelings too powerful to be repressed. When this ill-fated family bade adieu to our shores they carried with them the grateful benedictions of the poor, and the respect of all men of all parties who honour misfortune when ennobled by virtue." In Edinburgh it is well known that had H.K.H. the late Prince Consort-whose love of the picturesque and historic led him to appreciate its natural beauties-survived a few years longer, many improvements would have taken place at Holyrood ; and to him it is said those are owing which have already been effected. Southward of the palace, the unsightly old tenements and enclosed gardens at St. Anne's Yard were swept away, including a quaint-looking dairy belonging to the Duke of Hamilton, and by 1857-8-9 the royal garden was extended south some 500 feet from the wall of the south wing, and a new approach was made from the Abbey Hill, a handsome new guard-house was built, and the carved door of the old garden replaced in the wall between it and the fragment of the old abbey porch ; and it was during the residence of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales at Holyrood that the beautiful fountain in the Palace Yard was completed, on the model of the ancient one that stands in ruin nowy in the quadrangle of Linlithgow, and which is referred to by Defoe in his "Tour in Great Britain." The fountain rises from a basin twenty-four feet in diameter to the height of twenty-eight feet, divided into threestages, andby flying buttresses has theeffect of a triple crown. From the upper of these the water flows through twenty ornate gurgoils into three successive basins. The basement is of a massive character, divided by buttresses into eight spaces, each containing a lion's head gurgoil. This is surmounted by eight panels having rich cusping, and between these rise pedestals and pinnacles. The former support heraldic figures with shields. These consist of the unicorn bearing the Scottish shield, a lion bearing a shield charged with the arm of James IV. and his queen, Margaret of England; a deer supports two shields, with the arms of the queens of James V., Magdalene of France, and Mary of Guise ; and the griffin holds the shields of James IV. and his queen, Margaret of Denmark. The pinnacles are highly floriated, and ,enriched with flowers and medallions It is in every way a marvellous piece of stone carving. The flying buttresses connecting the stages are deeply cusped. On the second stage are eight figures typical of the sixteenth century, representing soldiers, courtiers, musicians,' and a lady-falconer, each two feet six inches in height. On the upper stage are four archers of the Scottish Guard, supporting the imperial crown. It occupies the site whereon for some years stood a statue of Queen Victoria, which has now disappeared. Still, as of old, since the union of the cron-ns: for a fortnight in each year the Lord High Conimissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland holds semi-royal state in Holyrood, gives banquets in its halls, and holds his ledes in the Gallery of the Kings.
Volume 3 Page 79
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