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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. III


72 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. IHo~yrOam Commendator of Coldingham. He was created, in right of his mother (who was the only sister of the notorious peer), Earl of Bothwell and Lord High Admiral of Scotland in 1587. He became an avowed enemy of the king, and Holyrood was the scene of more than one frantic attempt made by him upon the life of James. One of these, in 1591, reads like a daring frolic, as related by Sir James Melville, when the earl attacked at the Girth Cross. On the 24th July, 1593, Bothwell, who had been outlawed, again burst into the palace with his retainers, and reached the royal apartments. Then the king, incapable of resisting him, desired Bothwell, to ?consummate his treasons by piercing his sovereign?s heart ; I? but Bothwell fell on his knees and implored pardon, which the good-natured king at once granted, though a minute before. he had, as Birrel records, been seeking flight the palace at the head of his followers. I was I by the back stair, ?with his breeks in his hand.? HOLYROOD PALACE AS IT WAS BEFORE THE FIRE OF 1650. (Facrimiie, af#w Cmdon OfRotkicma~.) at supper with my Lord Duke of Lennox, who took his sword and pressed forth; but he had no company and the place was full ofenemies. We were compelled to fortify the doors and stairs with tables, forms, and stools, and be spectators of that strange hurlyburly for the space of an hour, beholding With torchlight, forth of the duke?s gallery, their reeling and rumbling with halberts, the clacking of the culverins and pistols, the dunting of mells and hammers, and crying for justice.? The earl and his followers ultimately drew off, but left the master stabler and another lying dead, and the king was compelled to go into the city; but eight of Bothwell?s accomplices were taken and hanged In 1596 the future Queen of Bohemia was baptised in Holyrood, held in the arms of the English ambassador, while the Lyon King proclaimed her from the windows as ?the Lady Elizabeth, first daughter of Scotland;? and on the 23rd December, 1600, the palace was the scene of the baptism of her brother, the future Charles I., with unusual splendour in the chapel royal, in presence of the nobles, heralds, and officers of state. ?? The bairn was borne by the Marquis de Rohan, and the Lord Lyon proclaimed him out of the west window of the chapel as ?Lord Charles of Scotland, Duke of Albany, Marquis of Ormond, Ex1 of ROSS, and Lord Ardmannoch. Largesse ! Largesse 1 Lar
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