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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. II


?745.1 THE CLAN REGIMENTS. 327 venerable Market Cross, with the heralds, pursuivants, and the magistrates (many most unwillingly) in their robes, while Mr. David Beath proclaimed ? James VIII., King of Scotland, England, France, and Ireland,? in the usual old form, and read the Commission of Regency, dated 1743, with the manifesto of the Prince, dated at Paris, May 16th, 1745. A number of ladies on horseback, with swords drawn, acted as a guard of honour. ? A great multitude of sympathising spectators was present at the ceremony, and testified their satisfaction by cordial cheers. In the evening the long-deserted apartments of Holyrood were enlivened by a ball, at which the Jacobite ladies were charmed with the elegant manners and vivacity of the youthful aspirant to the throne.?? On the following day Lord Nairne came in with the Atliol Highlanders; old Lord Kellie came in with only an aged serving man ; the Grants of Glenmomston, 250 strong, marched in on the morning of the zoth, but the main body of the clan stood aloof, though Lord Balmerino and m a y other noble and disinherited gentlemen (who came almost unattended) joined the standard. The Highlanders remained within their camp, or when in the city behaved themselves with the utmost order and decorum; no outrages occurred, and no brawls of any kind ensued ; meanwhile, the garrison remained close within the Castle, and till after the battle of Preston Pans, no collision took place between them and the troops. Their quiet, orderly, and admirable conduct formed a marked difference between them and most of the merciless ruffians, who, under Hawley, Huske, and Ctmberland, disgraced the British uniform; for the little army of Charles Edward vas as orderly as it was brave, and organised in a fashion of its own-the discipline of the modem system being added easily to the principle of clanship, and the whole-then only 3,000-were now completely equipped with the arms found in the city. The pay of a captain was 2s. 6d. daily; of a lieutenant, 2s. ; ensign, IS. 6d. ; of a private, 6d. In the clan regiments every company had a double set of officers. The Leine chrios (shirt of mail) or chosen men, were in the centre of each battalion, to defend the chief and colours. The front rank, when in line, consisted of the best blood of the clan and the best armed-particularly those who had targets. All these received IS. daily while the Prince?s money lasted. The battle of Preston Pans is apart from the history _ . - of Edinburgh; . but there, on the 20th Sep But few took up arms in his cause. :ember, the Highlanders, suffering under innumerrble disadvantages, gained a signal victory, in a ?ew minutes, over a well-disciplined and veteran rrmy, sweeping it from the field in irretrievable :onfusion. The cavalry escaped by the speed if their horses, but all the infantry were killed )r taken, with their colours, cannon, baggage, Irums, and military chest containing L6,ooo. Zharles, who, the night before the victory, slept .n a little house still shown at Duddingston, bore lis conquest with great moderation and modesty, :ven proposing to put the wounded-among whom vas the Master of Torphichen, suffering from wenty sword wounds, of which he died-in Holy- :ood, but the Royal Infirmary was preferred, as the ?alace was required for the purposes ,of royalty. On the zrst, preceded by IOO pipers playing :?The king shall enjoy his own again,? the prisoners, to the number of 1,500, of whom 80 were Dfficers, were marched through Edinburgh (prior :o their committal to Logierait and the Castle If Doune), together with the baggage train, which nad been taken by the Camerons, and the colours if the 13th and 14th Light Dragoons, the 6th, 44th, +6th, 47th, and Loudon?s Corps. The Prince had the good taste not to accompany this triumphal procession. The officers were for a time placed in Queensberry House in the Canongate. Curiously enough, Sir John Cope?s cannon were all captured on a tramway, or line of wooden rails, the first of the kind known in Europe, and belonging to some coal-pits in the vicinity of the field. The pusillanimity of the regulars was very sinylar, but none more so than that of a party of light dragoons commanded by Major Caulfield, who fled from the field to the Castle of Edinburgh, 1 distance of ten miles, permitting themselves to be pursued by a single horseman, Colquhoun Grant of Burnside-a little property near Castle Grantwho, in the battle, at the head of twenty-eight Highlanders, captured two pieces of cannon. He pursued the fugitives to the very gates of the Castle, which received them, and were closed at his approach. After this he leisurely rode down the street, and,?aRer being measured for a tartan suit in the Luckenbooths, left the city by the Nether Bow-his resolute aspect, ?? bloody sword, and blood-stained habiliments ? striking terror into all who thought of opposing him. Grant was selected as one of the Prince?s Life Guards, under Lord Elcho. The dress of these Guards was blue faced with red, and scarlet waistcoats laced with gold ; the horse-fumiture the same. He lived long after these events as a Writer to the Signet in Edinburgh, where he died in 1792. _. He resided in Gavinloch?s
Volume 2 Page 327
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