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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. II


323 *la.] ADV.4NCE OF THE * HIGHLANDERS, -__ appointed thereto in 1716), mustered the outpensioners of Chelsea, and officered them, locally, from the half-pay list. Doubtful of the faith of Preston, as a Scotsman, the Government superseded him in command, and sent in his place Lieutenant-General Joshua Guest, an Englishman, who proved a staunch Jacobite, and on the approach of the Highlanders he was the first to propose a capitulation, a measure vigorously opposed by Preston, a resolute Whig 01 the old King William school, who thereupon undertook the defence, with a gamson which consisted only of the old Castle company, the two companies of the 47th, each mustering about seventy bayonets, under Major Robertson, the Chelsea Pensioners, and Lieutenant Brydone?s artillery company, which had landed at Leith on the 4th of September, and marched in with a great quantity of the munitions of war. The other troops in Scotland at this time consisted only of the 13th and 14th Light Dragoons at Edinburgh, the company of the Royals captured at Spean Bridge, the 6th Foot at Aberdeen, two companies of the 21st Scots Fusiliers at Glasgow, the 25th Edinburgh regiment in Fifeshire, two companies of the 4znd at Crieff, five of the 44th in the West, and another five at Berwick, the 46th (known as ?? Murray?s Bucks ?) scattered over the Highlands, Loudon?s Highlanders (disbanded in 1749) stationed in the north ; in all not quite 4,ooc men ; but, collecting these, Sir John Cope prepared to bar the Prince?s way into the Lowlands. Quitting Perth at the head of little more than 2,000 men,* only the half of whom had arms, the latter, on the 11th September, resumed his adventurous march southward, and crossing the Forth by the perilous fords of Frew, to avoid the guns of Stirling, he held on his way by the Scottish Marathon, by the Torwood and Linlithgow, traversing scenes that he, the heir of the ancient regal line, could not have beheld without emotion, engaged, as he was, on an enterprise more daring and more desperate than had ever been undertaken by any of his ancestors since Bruce fought the battle of Dalry. On the 1,gth he was at Corstorphine, less than A true account of thestrengthof the Highland army, aph August, 1745. Lochiel ........................... 700 Clanmnald, having men of his Islands ...... 050 The Stewarts of Appin under Ardsheil ...... a50 Keppoch ........................... 260 and the Grants of Glenmorriston ...... 600 , Glengawy?s men, induding Knoydart, Glencoe. 2 . h (? Culloden Papers. ?3 ?The Highlanders were not more than 1,800, and the half of them only Were armed.? (?Autobiography of Dr. Carlyle of Inveresk?) lour miles distant from the capital, and to avoid exposing his troops to the Castle guns in advancing, he wheeled southward towards Slateford, and fixed his quarters at Gray?s Mill, two miles from the city. Great was now the excitement within the walls. The militia, called the trained bands, consisted of sixteen companies, or 1,000 men, entirely undisciplined, and many of them entirely disloyal to the Hanoverian cause. In their own armoury the citizens had 1,259 muskets and zoo bayonets, 300 sets of accoutrements, a considerable quantity of ammunition, with seventy-five stand of arms and Lochaber axes belonging to the City Guard. On Sunday, 16th September, Hislop, keeper of this arsenal, issued 500 rounds of ball ammunition and sixty firelocks to each company of the trained bands, thirty-nine firelocks to the additional company of the City Guard, and twenty-four to the company of the Canongate-head, 500 rounds of ball to the Seceders, whose muster-place was the Infirmary, and 450 Ibs. of powder for the cannon on the walls. All the rest he sent to the Castle. The banner borne by the Seceders is now in the Museum 3f Antiquities, and was once used at Bothwell Brig. It is blue, with a white St. Andrew?s saltire, charged with five roses, and the motto, Cmenanfs, Ueligion, Kin& and Kingdoms. Towards the end of the preceding month the nore zealous citizens had proposed to raise a regiment 1,000 strong for the defence of the town ; but the royal permission therefor was not accorded till the 9th of September, and by the time that the Prince drew near only zoo men had been enrolled, all of the most dissolute character, and tempted by the proffered pay alone. In addition to these was the regiment of Edinburgh Volunteers, 400 strong, divided into six companies, and drilled regularly twice daily. Cannon from the ships at Leith were mounted on the walls together with swivels or pateraroes (i.e., small cannon). The ports were barricaded ; there was much military bluster, with much Singing of psalms ; but as the Highlanders drew nearer all this show of valour died away. When the Prince?s vanguard was at Kirkliston, it was proposed by General Guest that the two Light Dragoon regiments, supported by the City Guard, the so-called Edinburgh Regiment, and 250 volunteers, should march out and give battle to the insurgents ! The signal was given ; on the forenoon of Sunday the 15th of September the clang of the alarm bells came during sermon, and the people rushed rorth from the churches to find the detailed force &-awn up under arms ia the High Street; but the
Volume 2 Page 323
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