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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I


Firinburgh Castle.] THE. REGIMENT OF EDINBURGH. 63 and all loyalists to quit the city. ?At the head of his forlorn band, consisting of sixty cavalier troopers-Guardsmenand Greys mingled-Dundee, the idol of his party, quitted Edinburgh by the Leith Wynd Port; and, through a telescope, the Duke of Gordon watched them as they wound past the venerable church of, the Holy Trinity, among the cottages and gardens of Moutries Hill, and as they rode westward by the Lang Gate, a solitary roadway bordered by fields and farmhouses.? According to Balcarres this was on the 18th of March, 1689, and as Gordon wished to confer with the viscount, the latter, on seeing a red flag waved at the western postern, rode down the Kirk Brae, and, quitting his horse, all heavily accoutred as he was, climbed the steep rock to hold that conference of which so little was ever known. He is said to have advised the?duke to leave the Castle in charge of Winram, on whom they could depend, and seek their fortunes together among the loyal clans in the north. But the duke declined, adding, ?Whither ?Wherever the shade of Montrose may direct me,? was the pensive and poetical reply, and then they parted to meet no more. But the moment Dundee was gone the drums of the Cameroniaas beat to ;urns, and they came swarming out of theix places of concealment, mustering for immediate ackioion, while, in the name of the Estates, the Earl$ of Tweeddale arid Lothian appeared at the gate d the fortress, requesting the duke to surrender ii within four-and-twenty houm, and daringly offering a year?s pay to every soldier who would desert him. ?? My lords,? said he, ?without the express order? of my royal master, James VII., I cannot surrendei this castle.? By the heralds and pursuivants the Duke 01 Gordon was now, as the only alternative, declarec a traitor. He tossed them some guineas to drink the health of James VII., adding, with a laugh, ??I would advise you not to proclaim men traitors whc wear the king?s coat till they have turned it? Under the highest penalties, all persons were non forbidden to correspond with him or his garrison and the Earl of Leven was ordered to blockadethc rock with his Cameronians, to whom were addec 300 Highlanders under Argyle. Out of this bodj there were formed in one day two battalions of thc line, which still exist-the 25th, or old Edinburgt regiment, which bears on its colours the tripk castle, with the motto, ?? Nisi Dominus Frustra,?* go you ? ? - There was a second regiment, called the bth. or Royal Edinburgl Volunteers, raised by Major-General Sir William Erskine. Bart., in 1777 It served rinder Cornwallis in the American War, and wasdibanded ai the close thereof. Its Lieuteoant-Colooel was Dundas of Fingask, wh< died at Guadaoupe and the 26th, or Cameronians, whose appointments bear the five-pointed mullet-the .arms of their first colonel ; while three battalions of the Scots Brigade, from Holland, were on their march, under Lieutenant-General Hugh Mackay of Scoury, to press the siege. Daily matters looked darker and darker for the gallant Gordon, for now seventy-four rank and file demanded their discharges, and were, like their predecessors, stripped and expelled. The gates were then barricaded, and preparations made for resistance to the last; but though Sir James Grant of Dalvey (fomierly King?s Advocate), and Gordon of Edintore, contrived to throw in a supply of provisions, the that he could not hold out beyond the month of June unless relieved. The entire strength of the garrison, including okers and gentlemen- volunteers, was only eighty-six men, who had to work twentv-two Dieces of @j duke wrote King James - (exclusive of FACSIMILE OF THE MEDAL OF THE EDINBURGH REfield- pieces) ranging VOLUTION CLUB. from 42 to I a-pounders. They had no doctor, no engineer, no money, Mnrl in 1688.) (=nick in 1753 in ~ommn~mmtiom a d ~,ztrtu 6,. Wiziiam aw of the recmwy of tkir Rrligwr and only thirty barrels of powder in actual quantity. It was truly a desperate hazard ! By the 18th the entire rock was fully and hopelessly invested by the Earl of Leven, a Brandenburg colonel, who displayed a great want of skill; and on the following night the battlements were blazing with bonfires and tar barrels in honour of King Jam& safe arrival in Ireland, of which tidings had probably been given by Grant of Dalvey. On the 25th came Mackay, with the three battalions of the Scots Brigade, each consisting of twelve companies, all splendidly-trained soldiers, a brigade of guns, and a great quantity of woolpacks with which to form breastworks. A11 within the Castle who had gun-shot wounds suffered greatly from the want of medical attendance, till the duke?s family physician contrived to join him, probably by the postern. On the 13th of March he heavily cannonaded the western entrenchments, and by dint of shot and shell retnded the working parties; but General Mackay now formed a battery of 18-pounders, at the Highnggs, opposed to the royal lodging and the half-moon. On the 3rd of April the Duke discovered that the house of Coates, the ancient
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amounted to 500 men.? This enumeration probably includes wounded. On the 13th of June the duke pulled down the king?s flag, and hoisted a white one, surrendering, on terms, by which it was stipulated that the soldiers should have their full liberty, and Colonel Winram have security for his life and estates; while Major Somerville, at the head of zoo bayonets, took all the posts, except the citadel. The duke drew up his forlorn band, now reduced to fifty oficers and men, in the ruined Grand Parade, and thanking them for their loyal services, gave each a small sum to convey him home; and as hands were shaken all round, many men wept, and so ended For nearly four-and-twenty hours on both sides the fire was maintained with fury, but slackened about daybreak. ?In the Castle only one man was killed-a gunner, whom a cannon ball had cut in two, through a gun-port, but many were weltering in their blood behind the woolpacks and in the trenches, where the number of slain not to serve against William of Orange. HC died in the year 1716, at his residence in the citadel of Leith. The Castle was once more fully repaired, and presented nearly the same aspect in all its details as we find it today. The alterations were conducted under John Drury (chief of the Scottish Engineers), who gave his name to one of the bastions on the south; and Mylne?s Mount, another on the north, is so named from liis assistant, Robert Mylne, king?s master-mason and hereditary mastergunner of the fartress ; and it was after this last siege that the round turrets, or echauguettes, were added to the bastions. the siege. Though emaciated by long toil, starvation, and gangrened wounds, the luckless soldiers were cruelly treated by the rabble of the city. The capitulation was violated j Colonel Winram was seized as a prisoner of war, and the duke was placed under close arrest in his own house, ~ Blair?s Close, but was released on giving his parole INNEK GATEWAY OF THE CASTLE.
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