Edinburgh Bookshelf

Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I


Edinburgh Cad:.] CORONATION OF CHARLES I. 51 and long it was since Edinburgh had been the scene of anything so magnificent. Every window was crowded with eager faces, and every house was gay with flowers, banners, and tapestry. *? Mounted on a roan horse, and having a saddle of rich velvet sweeping the ground, and massive with pasements of gold, Alexander Clark, the Provost, appeared at the head of the bailies and council to meet the king, while the long perspective of the crowded street ( then terminated by the spire of the Nether Bow) was lined (as Spalding says) by a brave company of soldiers, all clad in white satin doublets, black velvet .breeches, and silk stockings, with hats, feathers, scarfs, and bands. Thesegallants haddaintymuskets, pikes, and gilded partisans. Six trumpeters, in gold lace and scarlet, preceded the procession, which moved slowly from But most of the assembled multitude looked darkly and doubtfully on. In almost every heart there lurked the secret dread of that tampering with the Scottish Church which for years had been conspicuous. Charles, with great solemnity, was crowned king of Scotland, England, France, and Ireland, by the Bishop of St. Andrews, who placed the crown upon his head; and on the 18th July he left Edinburgh on his return to London. Under the mal-influence of the zealot Laud ruin and civil war soon came, when Episcopacy was imposed upon the people, A committee of Covenanters was speedily formed at Edinburgh, and when the king?s commissioner arrived, in 1638, he found the Castle beset by armed men. His efforts at mediation were futile ; and famous old ?Jenny Geddes? took the initiative the- Privy Seal; Morton the Treasuw?s golden mace,with its globe of sparkling beryl ; the York and Norroy English kingsat- arms with their heralds, pursuivants, and trumpeters in tabards blazing with gold and embroidery; Sir James Balfour, the Scottish Lion king, preceding the spurs, sword, sceptre, and crown, borne by earls. Then came the Lord High Constable, riding, with ,his blton, supported by the Great Chamberlain and Earl Marshal, preceding Charles, who was arrayed in &robe of purple velvet once worn by James IV., and having a foot-cloth embroidered with silver and pearls, and his long train upborne by the young Lords Lorne, Annan, Dalkeith, and Kinfauns Then came the Gentlemen Pensioners, marching with partisans uplifted ; then the Yeomen of the Guard, clad in doublets of russet velvet, with the royal arms raised in embossed work of silver and gold on the back and breast of each coat-each company commanded by an earL The gentlemen of the Scottish Horse Guards were all armed d la cuirassier, and carried swords, petronels, and musketoons.? of trained Scottish officers and soldiers, who had been pushing their fortune by the shores of the Elbe and the Rhine, in Sweden and Germany, came pouring home to enrol under the banner of the Covenant ; a general attack was concerted on every fortress in Scotland; and the surprise of Edinburgh was undertaken by the commander of the army, Sir Alexander Leslie of Balgonie, Marshal of Sweden under Gustavus Adolphus-a soldier second to This he achieved successfully on the evening of the 28th March, when he blew in the barrier gate with a petard. The Covenanters rushed through the Spur sword in hand, and the. second gate fell before their sledge-hammers, and then Haldane of Gleneagles, the governor, gave up his sword. That night ieslie gave the Covenanting lords a banquet in the hall of the Castle, .w&reon they hoisted their blue standard with. the miotto, ? For an oppressed kirk and broken? Covenant? Montrose?s regiment, 1,500 strong, replaced the gamson ; Lord Bdmerbo was appointed goxernor, and many
Volume 1 Page 51
  Shrink Shrink   Print Print   Pictures Pictures