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Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I


well worth consideration ; but, interesting as it is, it need not detain us long here. In the ? Myrvyian, or Cambrian Archa?ology,? a work replete with ancient lore, mention is made of Caer-Eiddyn, or the fort of Edin, wherein dwelt a famous chief, Mynydoc, leader of the Celtic Britons in the fatal battle with the Saxons under Ida, the flame-bearer, at Catraeth, in Lothian, where the flower of the Ottadeni fell, in 510; and this is believed to be the burgh subsequently said to be named after Edwin. In the list of those who went to the battle of Catraeth there is record of 300 warriors arrayed in fine armour, three loricated bands (Le., plated for defence), with their commanders, wearing torques of gold, ?three adventurous knights,? with 300 of equal quality, rushing forth from the summits of the mighty Caer-Eiddyn, to join their brother chiefs of the Ottadeni and Gadeni. In the ?British Triads? both Caer-Eiddyn (which some have supposed to be Carriden), and also DinasEiddyn, the city of Eiddyn, are repeatedly named. But whether this be the city of Edinburgh it is exceedingly difficult to say; for, after all, the alleged Saxon denominative from Edwin is merely conjectural, and unauthenticated by remote hcts. From Sharon Turner?s ?Vindication of Ancient British Poem%,? we learn that Aneurin, whose work contains 920 lines, was taken prisoner at the battle of Catraeth,* and was afterwards treacherously slain by one named Eiddyn; another account says! he died an exile among the Silures in 570, and that the battle was lost because the Ottadeni ?had drunk of their mead too profusely.? The memory of Nynydac Eiddyn is preserved a beautiful Welsh poem entitled The Drinking Iorn,?by Owain, Prince of Powis. i full of energy. The poem ?? When the mighty bards of yore Awoke the tales of ancient lore, What tide resplendent to behold, Flashed the bright mead in vase of Gold ! The royal minstrel proudly sung Of Cambria?s chiefs when time was young; How, with the drink of heroes flushed, Brave Catraeth?s lord to battle rushed, The lion leader of the strong, And marshal of Galwyiada?s throng ; The sun that rose o?er Itun?s bay Ne?er closed on such disastrous day ; There fell Mynydoc, mighty lord, Beneath stem Osway?s baneful sword ; Yet shall thy praise, thy deathless pame, Be woke on harps of bardic fame, Sung by the Cymri?s tuneful tmb, Aneurin of celestial strain.? DanielWilson,one of the ablest writers on Scottish ntiquities, says that he thinks it useless ?to follow le fanciful disquisitions of zealous anticuarians Zspecting the origin and etymology of Edinburgh ; : has successively been derived, both in origin and 1 name, from Saxon, Pict, and Gael, and in each ase With sufficient ingenuity to leave the subject lore involved than at first? But while on this ubject, it should be borne in mind that the unirtunate destruction of the national records by the waders, Edward I. and Oliver Cromwell, leaves ie Scottish historian dependent for much of his iaterial on tradition, oi information that can only e obtained with infinite labour; though it may o doubt be taken for granted that even if these rchives had been preserved in their entirety they ould scarcely have thrown much, if any, light upon le que& vexata of the origin of the name of ;dinburgh. CHAPTER 11. THE CASTLE OF EDINBURGH. Of its Origin and remoter History-The Legends concaning it-Ebranke-St. Monena-Defeat of the Saxons by King Bridei--King Ed&- Ring Grime-The Story of Grime and Benha of Badlieu-The Starting-point of authentic Edinburgh History-SL Mugarct-Her Piety and vlliaMe Disoosition-Her Chaoel--Ha Dath-Rcstontion of her Oiatary-Her BurLCDonnld Bauc-Khg a v i d L-l?hc Royal Gardens, afterwp;ds the North Lock AFTER the departure of the Romans the jnhabitants of fiorthern Britain bore the designation of Picti, or Picts; and historians are now agreed that these were not a new race, but only the ancient Caledonians under a new name. The most remote date assigned for the origin *The famous Cutrail, or Pictsmrk-ditch, is a u wto have had somc amnection with this battle df cluaeth. (Gdb Cambrrasir. 11.) of the Castle of Edinburgh is that astounding announcement made in Stods ?Summarie of Englyshe Chronicles,? in which he tells us that ?Ebranke, the sonne of Mempricius, was made ruler of Britayne ; he had, as testifieth Policronica, Ganfride, and others, twenty-one wyves, of whom he receyved twenty sonnes and thirty daughters, which he sent into Italye, there to be maryed to
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