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Book 10  p. 266
(Score 1.39)

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Book 11  p. 95
(Score 1.38)

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Book 10  p. 25
(Score 1.37)

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Book 9  p. 500
(Score 1.37)

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Book 10  p. 453
(Score 1.37)

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Book 11  p. 72
(Score 1.36)

Rase Street.] HUG0 ARNOT. ?59
announced that Bailie Creech, of literary celebrity,
was about to lead Miss Burns of Rose Street ?? to
the hymeneal altar.? In hiswrath, Creech threatened
an action against the editor, whose contradiction
made matters worse :-? In a former number we
noticed the intended marriage between Bailie
Creech of Edinburgh and the beautiful Miss Bums
of the same place. We have now the authority of
that gentleman to say that the proposed marriage
is not to take place, matters having been otherwise
arranged, to the mutual satisfaction of both parties
and their respective friends.? After a few years of
unenviable notoriety, says the editor of *? Kay,?
Miss Burns fell into a decline, and died in 1792 at
Roslin, where a stone in the churchyard records
her name and the date of her demise.
In the same year of this squabble we find a
ball advertised in connection with the now unfashionable
locality of Rose Street, thus :-? Mr.
Sealey (teacher of dancing) begs to acquaint his
friends and the public that his ball is iixed for the
20th of March next, and that in order to accommodate
his scholars in the New Town, he proposes
opening a school in Rose Street, Young?s Land,
opposite to the Physicians? Hall, the 24th of that
month, where he intends to teach on Tuesdays
and Fridays from nine in the morning, and the
remainder of the week at his school in Foulis?s
Close, as formerly.? In 1796 we find among
its residents Sir Samuel Egerton Leigh, Knight, of
South Carolina, whose lady ? was safely delivered
of a son on Wednesday morning (16th March) at
her lodgings in Rose Street.?
Sir Samuel was the second son of Sir Egerton
high, His Majesty?s AttorneyGenerd for South
Carolina, and he died at Edinburgh in the ensuing
January. He had a sister, married to the youngest
brother of Sir Thomas Burnet of Leya
This son, born at Edinburgh in 1796, succeeded
in ISIS to the baronetcy, on the death of his uncle,
Sir Egerton, who married Theodosia (relict of
Captain John Donellan), daughter of Sir Edward,
and sister of Sir Theodosius Edward Boughton,
for the murder of whom by poison the captain was
executed at Warwick in 1781,
It was in Dr. John Brown?s Chapel in Rose
Street, that Robert Pollok, the well-known author
of ?The Course of Time,? who was a licentiate of
the United Secession Church, preached his only
sermon, and soon after ordination he was attacked
by that pulmonary disease of which he died in
1827.
In 1810 No. 82 was ?Mrs. Bruce?s fashionable
boarding-school,? and many persons of the greatest
respectability occupied the common stairs, particularly
to the westward ; and in Thistle Street were
many residents of very good position.
Thus No. z was the house, in 1784, of Sir
John Gordon, Bart. ; and Sir Alexander Don, Bart.,
of Newton Don, lived in No. 4, when Lady Don
Dowager resided in No. 53, George Street (he had
been one of the d h u s in France who were seized
when passing through it during the short peace of
1802), and a Mrs. Colonel Ross occupied No. 17,
Under the name of Hill Street this thoroughfare
is continued westward, between Fredenck Street
and Castle Street, all the houses being ?selfcontained.?
The Right Hon. Charles Hope of
Granton, Lord Justice Clerk, had his chambers in
No. 6 (now writers? offices) in ~808 ; Buchanan of
Auchintorlie lived in No. I I, and Clark of Comrie
in No. 9, now also legal offices. In one of the houses
here resided, and was married in 1822, as mentioned
in Bkrckwoad?s Magazine for that year, Charles
Edward Stuart, styled latterly Count d?Albany
(whose son, the Carlist colonel, married a daughter
of the Earl of Errol), and who, with his brother, John
Sobieski Stuarf attracted much attention in the city
and Scotland generally, between that period and
1847, and of whom various accounts have been
given. They gave themselves out as the grandsons
of Charles Edward Stuart, but were said to be
the sons of a Captain Thomas Allan, R.N., and
grandsons of Admiral John Carter Allan, who died
in 1800.
Seven broad and handsome streets, running south
and north, intersect the great parallelogram of the
New Town. It was at the corner of one of those
streets-but which we are not told-that Robert
Burns first saw, in 1787, Mrs. Graham, so celebrated
for her wonderful beauty, and whose husband
commanded in the Castle of Stirling.
From the summit of the ridge, where each of
these streets cross George Street, are commanded
superb views : on one side the old town, and on
the other the northern New Town, and away to the
hills of Fife and Kinross.
According to ? Peter Williamson?s Directory,?
Hugo Arnot, the historian, had taken up his abode
in the Meuse Lane of South St. Andrew Street
in 1784. His own name was Pollock, but he
changed it to Arnot on succeeding to the estate of
Balcormo, in Fifeshire. In his fifteenth year hC
became afflicted with asthma, and through life was
reduced to the attenuation of a skeleton. Admitted
an advocate in 1772, he ever took a deep interest
in all local matters, and published various essays
thereon, and his exertions in promoting the
improvements then in progress in Edinburgh were
which is now the New Town dispensary. c ... Street.] HUG0 ARNOT. ?59 announced that Bailie Creech, of literary celebrity, was about to lead Miss Burns ...

Book 3  p. 159
(Score 1.36)

THE CANONGA TE AND ABBEY SANCTUAR Y. 287
During the government of the Earl of Rothes as High Commissioner for Scotland, a
play called " Marciano, or the Discovery," by Sir Thomas Sydserff, was acted on the
festival of St John, before his Grace and his Court at Holyrood,' and at the Court of the ~
Duke of York, at a somewhat later period, a regular company of actors were maintained,
and the Tennis Court fitted up for their performances, in defiance of the scandal created
by such innovations.s Lord Fountainhall notes among his " Historical Observes," 3-
U 15th Novembris 1681, being the Quean of Brittain's birthday, it was keeped by our
Court at Halirudhouse with great solemnitie, such as bonfyres, shooting of canons, and the
acting of a comedy, called Mithridutes King of Pontus, before ther Royal1 Hynesses,
&c., wheirin Ladie Anne, the Duke's daughter, and the Ladies of Honor ware the onlie
actors." Not only the canonists, both Protestant and Popish-adds my Lord Fountainhall,
in indignant comment-" but the very heathen roman lawyers, declared all scenicks
and stage players infamous, and will scarce admit them to the sacrament of the Lord's
Supper "-a somewhat singular mark of disapprobation from heathen lawyers I The
Revolution again banished the drama from Scotland, and we hear no more of it' till the
year 1714, when the play of Macbeth was performed at the Tennis Court, in presence of
a number of the Scottish nobility and gentry assembled in Edinburgh for a grand archery
meeting. Party politics ran high at the time, some of the company present called for the
favourite song, May the King enjoy his ain again," ' while others as stoutly opposed it,
and the entertainments wound up in a regular mdlke, anticipatory of the rebellion which
speedily followed.
But
the scene of his successful patronage of the drama appears to have been first chosen by
Signora Violante, an Italian dancer and tumbler, who afterwards took the legitimate
drama under her protection and management. This virago, as Arnot styles her,5
returned to Edinburgh, " where she fitted up that house in the foot of Carrubber's Close,
which has since been occupied as a meeting-house by successive tribes of sectaries."
Driven from this quarter, as we have seen, the players betook themselves to the Taylor's
Hall, in the Cowgate, and though mere strolling bands, they were persecuted into
popularity by their opponents, until this large hall proved insufficient for their accommodation.
A rival establishment was accordingly set "going, and in the year 1746, the
foundation-stone of the first regular theatre in Edinburgh was laid within the Play-house
Close, Canongate, by Mr John Ryan, then a London actor of considerable repute. Here
the drama had mainly to contend with the commoner impediments incidental to the
proverbial lack of prudence and thrift in the management of actors, until the year
1756, when, on the night of the 14th December, the tragedy of Douglas, the work of a
clergyman of the Kirk, was f i s t presented to an Edinburgh audience. The clergy anew
returned to the assault with redoubled zeal, and although they were no longer able to
chase the players from the stage, John Home, the author of the obnoxious tragedy,
Allan Ramsay's unfortunate theatrical speculation has already been referred to.
Campbell's Journey, vol. ii. p. 163.
Fountainhall's Hiatorical Observes, p. 51.
* Tide, vol. i. p. 103.
Tytler concludes his account of the Duke's theatrical entertainment
with the following inference, which would have done credit to s history of the Irish stage c" Private balla and
concerts of music, it would aeem, were now the only species of public entertainmente amongst us ! "-Archsol. Scot.
vol. i p. 504. ' Campbell's History of Poetry in Scotland, p. 353. Arnot, p. 366. ... CANONGA TE AND ABBEY SANCTUAR Y. 287 During the government of the Earl of Rothes as High Commissioner for ...

Book 10  p. 311
(Score 1.35)

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Book 10  p. 240
(Score 1.35)

As the time of her accouchement drew near, she
was advised by the Lords of Council to remain in
the fortress and await it; and a former admirer
of Mary?s, the young Earl of Arran (captain of the
archers), whose love had turned his brain, was
sent from his prison in David?s Tower to Hamilton.
STORE WHICH FORMERLY STOOD OVER THE BARRIER-GATEWAY OF EDINBURGH CASTLE.
(From tke Original ~ G W in tht Mwccm of tht So&& of Antiquaries of Scofkrul.)
A French Queen shall beare the some
And he from the Bruce?s blood shall come
To rule all Britainne to the sea,
As near as to the ninth degree.?
According to the journalist Bannatyne, Knox?s
secretary, Mary was delivered with great ease by
On the ground floor at the south-east corner of thc
Grand Parade there still exists, unchanged anc
singularly irregular in form, the room wherein, a1
ten o?clock on the morning of the 19th of June
1566, was born James VI., in whose person thc
rival crowns of hlary and Elizabeth were to bc
united. A stone tablet over the arch of the 016
doorway, with a monogram of H and M and the
date, commemorates this event, unquestionably thc
greatest in the history of Britain. The royal arms
of Scotland figure on one of the walls, and an orna.
mental design surmounts the rude stone fireplace,
while four lines in barbarous doggerel record the
birth. The most extravagant joy pervaded the
entire city. Public thanksgiving was offered up in
St. Giles?s, and Sir James Melville started on the
spur with the news to the English court, and rode
with such speed that he reached London in four
days, and spoiled the mirth of the envious Elizabeth
for one night at least with the happy news.
And an old prophecy, alleged to be made by
CIPHER OF LORD DARNLEY AND QUEEN MARY.
(Over entrancr fo tkr RvaZ Apartments, ddidurglr Castle.)
Thomas the Rhymer, but proved by Lord Hailes
to be a forgery, was now supposed to be fulfilled-
<? However it happen for to fall,
The Lycn shall be lord of all 1
the necromantic powers of the Countess ot
John Earl of Athole, who was deemed a sorceress,
and who cast the queen?s pains upon
the Lady Reres, then in the Castle. An interesting
conversation between Mary and Darnley took
place in the little bed-room, as recorded in the
?Memoirs? of Lord Herries Daniley came at
two in the afternoon to see his royal spouse and
child. ?? My lord,? said the queen, ?God has
given us a son.? Partially uncovering the face of
the infant, she added a protest that it was his and
no other man?s son. Then turning to an English
gentlemar, present, she said, ? This is the son who,
I hope, shall first unite the two kingdoms of Scotland
and England.? Sir William Stanley said,
?Why, madam, shall he succeed before your majesty
and his father?? ?Alas !? answered Mary, ?his
father has broken to me,? alluding to the conspiracy
against Rizzio. ?? Sweet madam,? said
Darnley, ?is this the promise you made--that
you would forget and forgive all ? ?I ? I have forgiven
all,? replied the queen, ?but will never
forget. What if Faudonside?s (one of the assassins)
pistol had shot? What would have become of
both the babe and me ? ?? ? Madam,? replied
Darnley, ?these things are past.? ?Then,? said the
queen, ? let them go.? So ended this conversation.
It is a curious circumstance that the remains of
In infant in an oak coffin, wrapped in a shroud
marked with the letter I, were discovered built up
in the wall of this old palace in August, 1830,
but were re-consigned to their strange place of
jepulture by order of General Thackeray, comnanding
the Royal Engineers in Scotland.
When John Spotswood, superintendent of Lo-
:hian, and other Reformed clergymen, came to
:ongratulate Mary in the name of the General
kssembly, he begged that the young Duke of ... the time of her accouchement drew near, she was advised by the Lords of Council to remain in the fortress and ...

Book 1  p. 46
(Score 1.34)

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Book 10  p. 269
(Score 1.34)

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Book 9  p. 451
(Score 1.33)

260 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [High Sueet.
equally irritated and alarmed on hearing of this
flat refusal, and, starting from his chair exclaimed,
?Then, by the holy name of God, he shall eat
his dinner with me? and repairing instantly to the
house of Morton, brought about a reconciliation,
to Leith to beg his life as a boon at the hands of?
Lennox and her seducer. But the latter, inflamed
anew by her charms and tears, was inflexible ; the
Regent was his tool, and the prayers and tears of
the wretched wife were poured forth at their feet,
HOUSE OF THE EARLS OF MORTON, BLACKFRIARS STREET.
by making two very humbling concessions :-First,
by dismissing Drumquhasel, who was banished
from court, which he was not to approach within
teu miles under a heavy penalty ; second, the life
of Captain James Cullayne, that Morton inight
have more peaceable possession of his wife.
Mistress Cullayne, a woman of great beauty,
filled with pity by the danger impending over her
husband (then a prisoner), and touched with
Temorse for her former inconstancy, had come
in vain. The poor captain, who had seen many
a hot battle in the fields of the Dane and
Swede, and in the wars of his native country,
was ignominiously hanged on a gibbet, as a peaceoffering
to Morton?s wickedness.?
In the contemporary life of Queen Mary, printed
for the Bannatyne Club in 1834, we have the
following strange anecdote of Morton. We are
told that he ?had credite at the court, being leR
there by the traitoures to give intelligence of all ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [High Sueet. equally irritated and alarmed on hearing of this flat refusal, and, ...

Book 2  p. 260
(Score 1.33)

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Book 10  p. 357
(Score 1.32)

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Book 8  p. 52
(Score 1.3)

INDEX
TO THE
N A31 E S I N C I D EN TAL L Y M ENT I 0 NE I)
IS
THE SECOND VOLUME.
A
ABEBCROMBIDEr,. , 452 .
Abercromby, Lord, 21, 325
Abercromby, General Sir Ralph,
38, 125, 163, 189, 349
Abercromby, bfiss Elizabeth, 38
Abercromby, Sir Robert, 38, 39
Abercromby, the Hon. James,
Speaker of the House of Commons,
390
Adam, Dr. Alexander, 19, 37
Adam, Lord Chief Commissioner,
Adams, President, 71, 194
Adie, Mr. Andrew, 403, 407
Aikmau, Rev. John, 40, 41
Aikman, Mrs., 40
Aikman, Robert, 238
Albemarle, Lord, 22
Alexander, Rev. William Lindsdy:
Alexander, Mrs., of Balloclimyle
Alison, Archibald, Esq. , 363, 465
Alison, Professor, 452
Allan, David, 96
Allan and Co., Messrs. Thomas
Alston, Dr. Charles, 415, 416
Alva, Lord, 336
Amesbury, Lord, 466
Amy, James L', Esq., 363
Anderson, Dr. Walter, 75
Anderson, Mr. William, 228
Anderson, Professor, 244
Anderson, &Ir. David, 403
Anderson, Mr. William, 403, 401
Anderson, Mr. Charles, 403, 408
295, 296, 363
A.M., 40
126
371
Pndrev v. Murdoch, 21
4ndrew, George, Esq., 35
Ingouleme, Duc d', 195, 197
Ingouleme, Duchess d', 198,
Inkerville, Lord, 383
Snne, Princess, 208
Arbuthnot, William, Esq., 240
Arcy, Lieut.-Colonel d', 306
Argyle, Duke of, 51, 235, 411,
Argyle, John Duke of, 225
Aristotle, 450
Armadale, Lord, 112, 350, 417
Arnot, Hugo, Esq., 185, 213
Arnot, Miss, 160
Artois, Count d', 197, 198, 265
A-n, H-y, 292
8-e, Sir T-s, 292
Atholl, Duke of, 101, 412
Atholl, Duchess of, 412
Audley, Lord, 295
Auchinleck, Lord, 277
Auchmuty, Sir Samuel, 275 '
Austin and M'Auslin, Messrs., 378
Austria, Emperor of, 201
Aytoun, John, Esq., 196
Aytoun, Roger, Esq., 197
Aytoun, John, Esq., 197
Aytoun, James, Esq., 197
199, 200,201
469
B
BADENOCRHe,v . Mr., 201
Baillie, Thomas, Esq., 216
Baillie, Sir William, Bart., 217
Baillie, George, Esq., 234
Baillie, Colonel, 273
Baillie, bIrs., 387
Baine, Rev. James, senior, 133
Raine, Rev. James, junior, 82
Baird, Principal, 104, 273, 311
Baird, Sir David, 163
Baird, John, Esq., 376
Balfour, Professor, 20
Balgray, Lord, 346, 407, 409
Ballantyne, Mr. John, 384
Ballingall, Mr., 375
Ballingall, Sir George, 448, 449
Balmuto, Lord, 380, 384, 386
Bamford, Mr., 115
Bannatyne, Lord, 99, 380, 384
Barber, Mr., 306
Barbanyois, Marquis de, 199
Barclay, Dr., 110
Barclay, Mr. JamesRobertson, 269
Barclay, Miss Susan, 269
Barclay, Mr., 277, 415
Barclay, John, the Berean, 418
Barrington, Sir Jonah, 169, 171
Barry, Mr., 441
Barton, Miss Elizabeth, 431
Bass, Mr. C., 31G
Baxter, bfr., 124
Beattie, Professor, 279
Beg, Abbas, 306
Begbic, William, 357, 358, 364
Belches, Mr., 19
Belhaven, Lord, 393
Bell, Mr. Nugent, 24
Bell, Mr. George, 45
Bell, Mr. John, 110
Bell, Rev. William, 114
Bell, Sir Charles, 142, 453
Bell, Mr. Hamilton, 285
Bell, Mr. Benjamin, 437
Bell, Rev. William, 464 ... THE N A31 E S I N C I D EN TAL L Y M ENT I 0 NE I) IS THE SECOND VOLUME. A ABEBCROMBIDEr,. , 452 ...

Book 9  p. 682
(Score 1.3)

432 MEMORIALS OF EDIiVBURGI%
v. WRYCHTISHOUSIS.'
IN the description attached to a view of Wrichtishousis, in '' An elegant collection of interesting views iii
Scotland," printed by Oher & Co., Nether Bow, 1802, the western wing is described as the most ancient part of
the edifice, while the eastern wing is affirmed to have been built in the reign of King Robed III., and the centre
range connecting the two in that of James VI. There was probably, however, no other authorit7 for this than
the dates and armorial bearings, the whole of which we conceive to be the work of the latter monarch's reign.
Arnot furnishes the very laconic account of it, that it is said to have been built for the reception of a mistress
of King James 1V. That it was built for such a purpose cannot admit of any credit ; but it is possible that that
gay and gallant monarch may have entertained special favour for some of the fair scions of the old Napier
stock.
Allusion is made in a foot-note, on page 351, to '' The History of the Partition of the Lennox ; " we find,
however, that the author had not only pointed out the shields of the Merchiston and mTrychtishousis Napiers on
the old tomb at St Giles's, in his Memoirs of Napiers of Merchiston, but we believe he was the first to detect
that the bearings on one of these shields waa the Wrychtishouais arms, and not those of Scott of Thirlestane, as
they had previously been presumed to be ; these tTo families having been united in the person of Francis fifth
Lord Napier, son of the Baroness Napier and Sir William Scott, Bart., of Thirlestane. These arms, placed
above the tablet marking the tomb of the Napier family, on the north wall of the choir of St Giles's Church,
were removed, in the recent alterations, from the interior of the church, where they formerly stood above an
altar-tomb, underneath the same window, on the outside of which the tablet was placed. There is no reason
for believing them to be of the same date. The style of ornament round the border of the tablet can hardly be ... MEMORIALS OF EDIiVBURGI% v. WRYCHTISHOUSIS.' IN the description attached to a view of Wrichtishousis, in '' ...

Book 10  p. 471
(Score 1.3)

......

Book 8  p. 35
(Score 1.3)

166 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [St. Andrew squan. I
CHAPTER XXII.
ST. ANDREW SQUARE.
St Andrew Square-List of Early Residents-Count Bomwlaski-Miss Gordon or Cluny-Scottish Widows? Fund-Dr. A. K. Johnston-
Scottish Provident Institution-House in which Lord Brougham was Born-Scottish Equitable Society-Chancrir of Amisfield-Douglas?s
Hotel-Sir Philip Ainslic-British Linen Company-National Bank-Royal Bank-The Melvillc and Hopctoun Monuments-Ambrosc?r
Tavern.
BEFORE its conversion iiito a place for public
offices, St. Andrew Square was the residence of
many families of the first rank and position. It
measures 510 feet by 520. Arnot speaks of it as
?the finest square we ever saw. Its dimensions,
indeed, are, small when compared with those in
London, but the houses are much of a size. They
are of a uniform height, and are all built of freestone?
The entire square, though most of the original
houses still exist, has undergone such changes that,
says Chambers, . ? the time is not far distant when
the whole of this district will meet with a fate
similar to that which we have to record respecting
the Cowgate and Canongate, and when the idea of
noblemen inhabiting St. Andrew Square will seem,
to modem conceptions, as strange as that of their
living in the,Mint Close.?
The following is a list of the first denizens of
the square, between its completion in 1778 and
1784.:-
I. Major-General Stewart.
2. The Earl of Aboyne. He died here in his sixty-eighth
year, in 1794. He was the eldest son of John, third Earl of
Aboyne, by Grace, daughter of Lockhart of Carnwath,
afterwards Countess of Murray.
3. Lord Ankerville (David Ross).
5. John, Viscount Arbuthnott, who died 1791.
6. Dr. Colin Drummond.
7. David Hume, afterwards Lord Dreghorn.
8. John Campbell of Errol. (The Earls of Em1 have
ceased since the middle of the seventeenth century to possess
any property in the part from whence they took their
ancient title.)
11. Mrs Campbell of Balmore.
13. Robert Boswell, W.S.
15. Mrs. Cullen of Parkhead.
16. Mrs. Scott of Horslie Hill.
18. Alexander Menzies, Clerk of Session.
19. Lady Betty Cunningham.
20. Mrs Boswell of Auchinleck
Boswell,? R. Chambers, 1824).
22. Jams Farquhar Gordon, Esq.
23. Mrs. Smith of Methven.
24 Sir John Whiteford. (25 in ? Williamson?s Directory.?)
25. William Fergusson pf Raith.
26. Gilbert Meason, Esq., and the Rev. Dr. Hunter.
27. Alexander Boswell, Esq.(aftemards Lord Auchinleck),
and Eneis Morrison, Esq.
28. Lord Methven
30. Hon. Mrs. Hope.
32. Patrick, Earl of Dumfries, who died in 1803.
(mother of ?Corsica
33. Sir John Colquhoun.
34. George, Earl of Dalhousie, Lord High Commissioner,
35. Hon. Mrs. Cordon.
38. Mrs. Campbell of Saddel, Cilbert Kerr of Stodrig,
and Sir William Ramsay, Bart., of Banff House, who died
in 1807.
By 1784, when Peter Williamson published his
tiny ? Directory,? many changes had taken place
among the occupants of the square. The Countess
of Errol and Lord Auchinleck were residents, and
Thomas, Earl of Selkirk, had a house there before
he went to America, to form that settlement in the
Gulf of St. Lawrence which involved him in so much
trouble, expense, and disappointment. No. I was
occupied by the Countess of Leven ; the Earl of
Northesk, KC.B., who distinguished himself afterwards
as third in command at Trafalgar, occupied
No. 2, now an hotel; and Lord Arbuthnott had
been suceeeded in the occupancy of No. 5 by
Patrick, Lord Elibank, who married the widow of
Lord North and Grey.
By 1788 an hotel had been started in the
square by a man named Dun. It was there that
the celebrated Polish dwarf, Joseph Borowlaski,
occasionally exhibited himself. In his memoirs,
written by himself, he tells that he was one of a
family of five sons and one daughter, ?,and by one
of those freaks of nature which it is impossible to
account for, or perhaps to find another instance of
in the annals of the human species, three of these
children were above the middle stature, whilst the
two others, like myself, reached only that of children
at the age of four or five years.?
Notwithstanding this pigmy stature, the count,
by his narrative, would seem to have married, performed
many wonderful voyages and travels, and
been involved in many romantic adventures. At
thirty years of age his stature was three feet three
inches. Being recommended by Sir Robert Murray
Keith, then Eritish Ambassador at Vienna, to visit
the shores of Britain, after being presented, with
his family, to- royalty in London, he duly came to
Edinburgh, where, according to Kay?s Editor, ?? he
was taken notice of by several gentlemen, among
others by Mr. Fergusson, who generously endeavoured
by their attentions to sweeten the bitter
cup of life to the unfortunate gentleman.?
1777-82 ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [St. Andrew squan. I CHAPTER XXII. ST. ANDREW SQUARE. St Andrew Square-List of Early ...

Book 3  p. 166
(Score 1.29)

AFTER the royal marriage and coronation of
Tames 111. with Margaret of Oldenburg-both of
which ceremonies took place with great pomp at
Edinburgh in 1476, he unfortunately contrived to
lisgust his proud nobility by receiving into favour
many persons of inferior rank. Thus, deep and
dangerous intrigues were formed against him, and
by those minions he was soon made aware that his
brothers-Alexander Duke of Albany, and John
Earl of Mar-were forming a conspiracy against
him, and that the former aimed at nothing less than
wresting the sceptre from his hand, and getting
himself, with English aid, crowned as Alexander IV.,
King of Scotland and the Isles-a fact since proved
by authentic documents.
Instead of employing his authority as Warden of
the Marches in the repression of outrage, Albany
THE ROYAL LODGING OR PALACE, FROM THE GRAND PARADE.
I than once; he slew John of Scougal in East
Lothian; and surrounded himself with a band of
desperadoes, who at his behest executed the most
nefarious crimes.
The dark accusations under which he lay roused
at length the suspicions of the king, who ordered
the arrest of both him and Mar. Over the latter's
fate there hangs a strange mystery. One historian
declares that he died of fever in the Canongate,
under the spells of witches who were burned
therefor. Another records that he was bled to
death in Craigmillar Castle; and the singular discovery
there in 1818 of a man's skeleton built erect
into the north wall was thought to warrant the
adoption of the last account.
In 1482 Albany was committed to the Castle
of Edinburgh, a close prisoner in the hands of ... the royal marriage and coronation of Tames 111. with Margaret of Oldenburg-both of which ceremonies took ...

Book 1  p. 32
(Score 1.28)

......

Book 10  p. 207
(Score 1.27)

The West Bow.]
A BITTER personal quarrel had existed for some
years between James Johnstone of Westerhall and
Hugh (from his bulk generally known as Braid
Hugh) Somerville of the Writes, and they had
often fought with their swords and parted on equal
temis. Somerville, in the year 1596, chancing to
be in Edinburgh on private business, was one day
loitering about the head of the Bow, when, by
chance, Westerhall was seen ascending the steep
and winding street, and at that moment some
officious person said, ? There is Braid Hugh
Somerville of the Writes.?
THE OLD ASSEMBLIES. 3?5
Westerhall, conceiving that his enemy was lingering
there either in defiance, or to await him, drew
his sword, and crying, ?Turn, villain!? gave
Somerville a gash behind the head, the most severe.
wound he had ever inflicted, and which, according
to the ? Memoirs of the Somervilles,? was ? much
regrated eftirwards by himselt?
Writes, streaming with blood, instantly drew his
sword, and ere Westerhall could repeat the stroke,
put him sharply on his defence, and being the
taller and stronger man of the two, together with
the advantage given by the slope, he pressed him
could retire for refreshments, or to rosin their bows.
Here then did the fair dames of Queen Anne?s
time, in their formal stomachers, long gloves, ruffles
and lappets, meet in the merry country dance, or
the stately minuef de la (our, the beaux of the time,
with their squarecut velvet coats and long-flapped
waistcoats, with sword, ruffles, and toupee in tresses,
when the news was all about the battle of Almanza,
the storming of Barcelona, or the sinking of the
Spanish galleons by Benbow in the West Indies,
or it might be-in whispers-of the unfurling of the
standard on the Braes of Mar.
The regular assembly, according to Arnot, was
. first held in the year 17 10, and it continued entirely
hnder private management till 1746, but though
the Scots as a nation are passionately fond of
dancing, the strait-laced part of the community
bitterly inveighed against this infant institution.
In the Library of the Faculty of Advocates there
is a curious little pamphlet, entitled, a ?Letter
from a Gentleman iti the Country to his Friend in
the City, with an Answer thereto concerning the
New Assembly,? which affords a remarkable glimpse
of the bigotry of the time :-
?I am informed that there is lately a society
erected in your town, which I think is called an
Assembly. The speculations concerning this meeting
have of late exhausted the most part of the
public conversation in this countryside :. some are
pleased to say that ?tis only designed to cultivate
polite conversation, and genteel behaviouramong the
better sort of folks, and to give young people an
opportunity of accomplishing themselves in both ;
while others are of opinion that it will have quite a
different effect, and tends to vitiate and deprave the:
minds and inclinations of the younger sort.?
The author, who might have been Davie Deans
himself, and who writes in 1723, adds that he had
been much stirred on this matter by the approaching
solemnity of the Lord?s Supper, and that he had
been ?informed that the design of this (weekly)
meeting was to afford some ladies an opportunity
to alter the station that they had long fretfully continued
in, and to set off others as they should
prove ripe for the market.?
The old Presbyterian abhorrence of ?? promiscuous
dancing? was only held in check by the
less strait-laced spirit of the Jacobite gentry; but
so great was the opposition to the Edinburgh
Assembly, as Jackson tells us in his ?History of
the Stage,? that a furious rabble once attacked
the rooms, and perforated the closed doors with
red-hot spits.
Arnot says that the lady-directress sat at the
head of the room, wearing the badge of heroffice,
a gold medal with a motto and device,
emblematic of charity and parental tenderness.
After several years of cessation, under the effect.
of local mal-influence, when the Assembly was
re-constituted in 1746, among the regulations hung
up in the hall, were tko worth quoting :-
?No lady to be admitted in a nz$f-gowr
(negl&i?), and no gentleman in boots.?
?? No misses in skirts and jackets, robe-coats, nor.
staybodied-gowns, to be allowed to dance in country
dances, but in a set by themselves.? ... West Bow.] A BITTER personal quarrel had existed for some years between James Johnstone of Westerhall ...

Book 2  p. 315
(Score 1.27)

North Bridge.] THE HORSE POSTS. 355
duction for expenses, among which are A60 for the
Irish packet boat.
In 1708 the whole business of the General Postoffice
was managed by seven persons-viz., George
Main, manager for Scotland, who held his commission
from the Postmaster General of Great
Britain, with a salary of A200 per annum; his
accountant, A50 per annum ; one clerk, d s o ; his
assistant, Lzs ; three letter-runners at 5s. each per
week. The place in which it was conducted was
a common shop.
In 1710 an Act of the newly-constituted British
Parliament united the Scottish Post-office with that
of the English and Irish under one Posttnaster-
General, but ordained that a chief letter office
be kept at Edinburgh, and the packet boats
between Donaghadee and Port Patrick be still
maintained.? The postage of a letter to London
was then raised to 6d. sterling.
In 17 15, James Anderson, W.S., the well-known
editor of D$Zowata Scotie, obtained the office of
Deputy Postmaster-General, succession to
Main, the jeweller. When he took office, on the
12th of July, there was not a single horse post in
Scotland, foot-runners being the conveyers of the
mails, even so far north as Thurso, and so far
westward as Inverary.
(( After his appointment,? to quote Lang?s
privately-printed history of the Post-office in
Scotland, (? Mr. Anderson directed his attention to
the establishment of the horse posts on the Western
road from Edinburgh. The first regular horse
post in Scotland appears to have been from Edinburgh
to Stirling; it started for the first time on
the 29th November, 1715. It left Stirling at z
o?clock afternoon, each Tuesday, Thursday, and
Saturday, reaching Edinburgh in time for the night
mail for England. In March, 1717, the first horse
post between Edinburgh and Glasgow was established,
and we have details of the arrangement in a
. memorial addressed to Lord Cornwallis and James
Craggs, who jointly filled the office of Postmaster-
General of Great Britain. The memorial states,
that ?the horse post will set out for Edinburgh
each Tuesday and Thursday at 8 o?clock at night,
and on Sunday about 8 or g in the morning, and
be in Glasgow-a distance of 36 miles (Scots) by
the post road at that time-by 6 in the morning,
on Wednesday and Friday in summer, and by 8 in
winter, and both winter and summer, will be in on
Sunday night.? ?
At this period it took double the time for a mail
to perform the journey between the two capitals
that it did in the middle of the 17th century.
When established by Charles I., three days was the
time allowed for special couriers between Edinburgh
and London.
In 1715 it required six days for the post to
perform the journey. This can easily be seen, says
Mr. Lang, by examining the post-marks on the
letters of that time.
In that year Edinburgh had direct communication
with sixty post-towns in Scotland, and in
August the total sum received for letters passing to
and from these offices and the capital was only
A44 3s. Id. The postage on London letters in
the same morith amounted to A157 3s. zd.
In 1717 Mr. Anderson was superseded d Edinburgh
by Sir John Inglis as Deputy-Postmaster-
General in. Scotland, from whom all appointments
in that country were held direct. The letter-bags,
apart from foot-pads and robbers, were liable to
strange contingencies. Thus, in November, I 725,
the bag which left Edinburgh was never heard of
after it passed Berwick-boy, horse, and bag, alike
vanished, and were supposed to have been swallowed
up in the sands between Coquet-mouth and
Holy Island. A mail due at Edinburgh one evening,
at the close of January, 1734, was found in
the Tyne at Haddington, in which the post-boy had
perished; and another due on the 11th October of
the follow?ing year was long of reaching its destination.
? It seems the post-boy,? according to the
CaZedonian Mercury, ? who made the stage between
Dunbar and Haddington, being in liquor, fell off.
The horse was afterwards found at Linplum, but
without mail, saddle, or bridle.?
The immediate practical business of the Postoffice
of Edinburgh (according to the ?( Domestic
Annals ?), down to the reign of George I., appears to
have been conducted in a shop in the High Street,
by a succession of persons named Main or Mein,
?(the descendants of the lady who threw her stool
at the bishop?s head in St. Giles?s in 1637.? Thence
it was promoted to a flat on the east side of the
Parliament Close ; then again, in the reign of George
III., behind the north side of the Cowgate. The
little staff we have described as existing in 171 j
remained unchanged in number till 1748, when there
were added an ? apprehender of letter-carriers,? and
a (? clerk to the Irish correspondents.? There is
a faithful tradition in the office, which I see no
reason to doubt,? says Dr. Chambers, ?that one
day, not long after the Rebellion of 1745, the bag
came to Edinburgh with but one letter in it, being
one addressed to the British Linen Company.?
In 1730 the yearly revenue of the Edinburgh
Office was A I , I ~ ~ , according to (?The State ofscotland;?
but Arnot puts the sum at Aj,399.
In 1741 Hamilton of Innerwick was Deputy ... Bridge.] THE HORSE POSTS. 355 duction for expenses, among which are A60 for the Irish packet boat. In 1708 ...

Book 2  p. 355
(Score 1.27)

......

Book 10  p. 372
(Score 1.27)

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