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Book 8  p. 601
(Score 1.18)

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Book 10  p. 210
(Score 1.18)

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Book 11  p. 98
(Score 1.17)

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Book 10  p. 239
(Score 1.16)

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Book 10  p. 246
(Score 1.16)

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Book 8  p. 538
(Score 1.15)

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Book 8  p. 607
(Score 1.14)

University.] THE FIRST VISITATION. 9
was appointed as second master in the college,
where he taught Latin for the first year, and Greek
in the second. He died in 1586 ; and from the circumstance
that he and Rollock were paid board by
the Town Council, it has been supposed that they
were both bachelors, and did not live within the
college.
ture upon being examined in their knowledge of
Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, and the whole circle
of the sciences.? Those chosen on this occasion
were Mr. Adam Colt of Inveresk, and Mr. Alexander
Scrimger of Irwin.
The first visitation of this university was held
in 1614, when the,Town Council appointed sixteen
THE LIBRARY OF THE OLD UNIVERSITY, AS SEEN FROM THE SOUTH-EAST CORNER OF THE QUADRANGLE,
LOOKING NORTH. ( F Y o ~ a8 Eng-raving by W. Ff. Lizarr of a Drawing by Playfatr).
for which, and for preaching weekly in St. Giles?s,
he had 400 merks per annum.
As students came in, the necessity for adding
as their assessors.
There was not then a chancellor in the university,
or any similar official, as in other learned
to advertise for candidates all over the kingdom.
Six appeared, and a ten days? competition in skill
followed-a sufficient proof that talent was necessary
in those early days, and much patience on the
part of the judges. ?They must have possessed
great hardihood,? says Bower, ? who could adven-
98
at Stirling, he desired the principal and regents of
his favourite university to hold a public disputation
in his presence. On this, the five officials repaired
to Stirling, where the royal pedant anxiously
awaited them, and took a very active part in the
discussion. ... THE FIRST VISITATION. 9 was appointed as second master in the college, where he taught Latin for the ...

Book 5  p. 9
(Score 1.13)

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 75
his neck. He had, however, contracted (which the Print does give) an inveterate
habit of stooping, which was rather injurious to his general aspect. In
convivial society, especially when at the head of his own hospitable table, he was
much disposed to be jocular, and was liberal of his store of pithy sayings and
droll stories. In particular, he highly enjoyed the meetings of the well-known
Poker Club, of which he was a member, along with his brother, and to which
belonged at that time, Patrick Lord Elibank, Lord Ellioch, Dr. Adam Smith,
Drs. Cullen, Black, and Gregory, Dr. Adam Fergusson, Old Ambassador Keith,
Sir Gilbert Elliot, and many others ; some of them men of letters, others, persons
of high birth, or eminent in public life.
John Home was extremely regular and methodical in all his habits, punctual
to his time in whatever he had to do, and not very tolerant with those who
failed in this (as he rightly thought it) important article. It could not be truly
affirmed that he was of an equally calm and placid temperament as his brother,
the philosopher ; but the brothers entertained the most cordial affection for each
other, and continued in constant habits of kind intercourse and mutual good
offices to the end of their lives. Under the historian's will, the principal part
of his effects went to his brother, who survived him.
John Home died at Ninewells, on the 14th of November 1786, after a short
illness, and in great composure of mind. He was interred in the family vault,
under his parish church at Chirnside. He had always been on friendly terms
with the good and worthy pastor of that parish, Dr. Walter Anderson, whom
indeed no one could dislike, who valued simplicity and mildness of character,
or felt the importance of the due discharge of all the duties of that holy office.
By his marriage to Agnes Carre, John Home, who survived her, had eight
children, of whom three sons, .Joseph, David, and John, and two daughters,
Catherine and Agnes, survived him.' Joseph, when a young man, served as
Captain in the Queen's Bays or 2d Dragoon Guards. He afterwards resided as
a country gentleman, at Ninewells, where he died on the 14th of February 1832,
unmarried, and at the advanced age of eighty-one. David was an advocate at
the Scottish bar, and held successively the offices of Sheriff-Depute of Berwickshire,
Sheriff-Depute of West Lothian, Professor of the Law of Scotland in the
University of Edinburgh, one of the Principal Clerks to the Court of Session,
and one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer for Scotland; from which
office he retired, on the statutory allowance, in February 1834. John was a
man of great worth and good parts j and nature had gifted him with no small
share of genuine pleasantry and humour, which were combined with a generous
and an affectionate disposition. In the earlier part of his life, he did business
with much credit, in Edinburgh, as a Writer to the Signet. In his latter years
he gave up practice there, and took up his residence at Ninewells, with his
eldest brother, the laird, who committed to him the chief or rather the entire
charge of the management of his affairs, and the improvement of his estate.
They carried into execution sundry judicious projects of draining, enclosure, and
"he other three children, namely, Robed, Helen, and Agatha, died in infancy or early youth. ... SKETCHES. 75 his neck. He had, however, contracted (which the Print does give) an inveterate habit ...

Book 9  p. 99
(Score 1.12)

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Book 10  p. 198
(Score 1.12)

The Secoud High SchooLl DR ADAM. 293
Alexander Adam, LLD., with this seminary,
when he was appointed joint-rector with Alexander
Matheson, who died in Merchant?s Court in 1799;
and of the many distinguished men who have presided
over it, few have left a higher reputation for
learning behind them.
Born at the Coates of Burghie in Elgin, in 1741,
he was the son of humble parents, whose poverty
was such, that during the winter mornings, in boy.
hood, he conned his little Elzevir edition of Livy
and other tasks by the light of bog-splinters found
in the adjacent morass, having to devote to manual
labour the brighter hours of day. In 1757 he
obtained a bursary at Aberdeen, and after attending
a free course of lectures at the Edinburgh University,
he was employed at the sum of one guinea per
quarter, in the family of Alan Maconochie, afterwards
Lord Meadowbank ?At this time,? says
Anderson in his biography of Adam, ?he lodged
in a small room at Restalrig, for which he paid
fourpence per week. His breakfast consisted 01
oatmeal porridge with small beer ; his dinner often
of a penny loaf and a drink of water.? Yet, at the
age of nineteen, so high were his attainments, he
obtained-after a competitive examination-the
head-mastership of Watson?s Hospital ; and %I
1765, by the influence of the future Lord Provost
Kincaid, he became joint-rector of the High
School with Mr. Matheson, whose increasing infirmities
compelled him to retire on a small annuity ;
and thus, on the 8th of June, 1768, Adam succeeded
him as sole rector, and most assiduously
did he devote himself to his office.
To him the school owes much of its high reputation,
and is entirely indebted for the introduction
of Greek, which he achieved in 1772, in spite ol
the powerful opposition of the Senatus Academicus.
Into his class he introduced a new Latin grammar
of his own composition, as a substitute for Ruddiman?s,
causing thereby a dispute between himseU
and the masters, and also the Town Council, in
defiance of whose edict on the subject in 1786 he
continued to use his own rules till they ceased to
interfere with him. In 1780 the degree of LL.D.
was conferred upon him by the College of Edinburgh,
chiefly at the suggestion of Principal
Robertson ; and before his death he had the satisfiction
of seeing his own grammar finally adopted
in the seminary to which he had devoted himself.
By 1774 it was found that the ancient school
house, built in 1578, was incapable of accommodating
the increased number of pupils ; its unsuitable
state had frequently been brought before the
magistrates ; but lack of revenue prevented them
from applying the proper remedy of the growing evil.
At last several of the leading citizens, including
among others, Sir William Forbes, Bart., of Pitsligo,
Professor John Hope, William Dalrymple, and Alexander
Wood, surgeon, set afoot a subscription list to
build a new school, and on March 8, 1775, the
Council contributed thereto 300 guineas. The Duke
of Buccleuchgave 500, LordChancellor Wedderburn,
100, and eventually the sum of L2,ooo was raised
-but the building cost double that sum ere it was
finished-and plans were prepared by Alexander
Laing, architect. The managers of the Royal
Infirmary presented the projectors with a piece of
ground from their garden to enlarge the existing
area, and the Corporation of Surgeons also granted
a piece from the garden before their hall.
On the 24th June, 1777, the foundation-stone of
the second High School was laid by Sir William
Forbes, as Grand Master Mason of Scotland. The
procession, ,which was formed in the Parliament
Square,-and which included all the learned bodies
in the city, .moved off in the following order :-
The magistrates in their robes of office ; the Principal
of the University(Kobertson, the historian) and
the professors in their academic gowns ; the Rector
Adams in his gown at the head of his class, the
scholars marching by threes-the smallest boys in
front ; the four masters, each with his class in the
same order ; sixteen masonic lodges, and all the
noblesse of the city. There was no South Bridge
then; so down the High Street and Blackfriars
Wynd, and from the Cowgate upward, the procession
wound to the High School yard.
The total length of the building erected on this
occasion-but now turned to other nses-was a
hundred and twenty feet long, by thirty-eight. The
great hall, which was meant for prayers, measured
sixty-eight feet by thirty, and at each end was a
library of thirty-two feet by twenty. The second
floorwas divided into five apartments or class-rooms,
with a ceiiing of seventeen feet. It was all built of
smoothly-dressed ashlar, and had a Doric portico of
four columns, with a pediment.
This, then, was the edifice most intimately-associated
with the labours of the learned Rector
Adams, and one of the chief events in the history
of which was the enrolment of Sir Walter Scott as
a scholar there when the building was barely two
years old.
?? In 1779,? says Sir Walter in his Autobiography,
?I was sent to the second class of the grammar
school, or High School, then taught by Mr. Luke
Fraser, a good Latin scholar and a very worthy man.
Though I had received with my brothers, in private,
lessons of Latin from Mr. James French, now a
minister of the Kirk of Scotland, I was nevertheless ... Secoud High SchooLl DR ADAM. 293 Alexander Adam, LLD., with this seminary, when he was appointed joint-rector ...

Book 4  p. 293
(Score 1.12)

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Book 10  p. 335
(Score 1.11)

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Book 10  p. 340
(Score 1.11)

WILLIAM CREECH. The Lucknbooths.
remembered after he had passed away; but he
had acquired penurious habits, with a miserly
avidity for money, which not only precluded all
benevolence to the deserving, but actually marred
even the honest discharge of business transactions.
In 1771 he entered into partnership with Mr.
Kincaid, who left the business two years after, and
came from his establishment. He published the
works of Cullen, Gregory, Adam Smith, Burns,
Dugald Stewart, Henry Mackenzie, Blair, Beattie,
Campbell (the opponent of Hume), Lords Woodhouselee
and Kames, and by the last-named he
was particularly regarded with esteem and friendship
; and it was on the occasion of his having gone
WILLIAM CREECH. (From th Port~uit ay SW Henry Raebzmz.)
the whole devolving upon Mr. Creech, he conducted
it for forty-four years with singular enterprise
and success. For all that time his quaint shop
at the east-end of the Luckenbooths was the resort
of the clergy, the professors, and also all public
and eminent men in the Scottish metropolis ; and
his breakfast-room was a permanent literary lounge,
which was known by the name of " Creech's Levee."
During the whole of the period mentioned
nearly all the really valuable literature of the time
to London for some time in 1787 that Burns wrote
his well-known poem of " Willie 's Awa : "-
" Oh, Willie was a witty wight,
And had 0' things an' unco slight,
Auld Reekie aye he,keepit tight,
And trig and braw ;
But now they'll busk her like a fright-
Willie's awa ! "
.
We have already referred to the club in which
originated the Mirror and Lounger. These ... CREECH. The Lucknbooths. remembered after he had passed away; but he had acquired penurious habits, with ...

Book 1  p. 156
(Score 1.1)

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Book 10  p. 380
(Score 1.08)

I18 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Corstorphine.
of the House of Orkney. He is represented in
armour of the fifteenth century (but the head has
been struck OK); she, in a dress of the same
period, with a breviary clasped in her hands. The
other monument is said to represent the son of
the founder and his wife, whose hands are represented
meekly crossed upon her bosom. Apart
lies the tomb of a supposed crusader, in the south
transept, with a dog at his feet. Traditionally this
is said to be the resting-place of Bernard Stuart,
Lord Aubigny, who came from France as Ambassador
to the Court of James IV., and died in the
adjacent Castle of Corstorphine in 1508. But the
altar tomb is of a much older date, and the shield
has the three heraldic horns of the Forresters duly
stringed. One shield impaled with Forrester, bears
the fesse cheque of Stuart, perhaps for Marian
Stewart, Lady Dalswinton.
It. has been said there are few things more
impressive than such prostrate effigies as these-so
few in Sdotland now-on the tombs of those who
were restless, warlike, and daring in their times;
and the piety of their attitudes contrasts sadly with
the mockery of the sculptured sword, shield, and
mail, and with the tenor of their characters in life.
The cutting of the figures is sharp, and the
draperies are well preserved and curious. There
are to be traced the remains of a piscina and of a
niche, canopied and divided into three compartments.
The temporalities of the church were dispersed
at the Reformation, a portion fell into the
hands. of lay impropriators, and other parts to
educational and other ecclesiastical institutions.
In 1644 the old parish church was demolished,
? and the collegiate establishment, in which the
, minister had for some time previously been accustomed
to officiate, became from thenceforward the
only church of the parish.
In ancient times the greater part of this now fertile
district was 8 Swamp, the road through which
was both difficult and dangerous; thus a lamp
was placed at the east end of the church, for the
double purpose of illuminating the shrine of the
Baptist, and guiding the belated traveller through
the perilous morass. The expenses of this lamp
were defrayed by the produce of an acre of land
situate near Coltbndge, called the Lamp Acre to
this day, though it became afterwards an endowment
of the schoolmaster, At what time the kindly
lamp of St. John ceased to guide the wayfarer
by its glimmer is unknown ; doubtless it would be
at the time of the Reformation; but a writer in
1795 relates ? that it is not long since the pulley
for supporting it was taken down.?
Of the Forrester family, Wilson says in his
? Reminiscences,? published in 1878, ? certainly
their earthly tenure, outside? of their old collegiate
foundation, has long been at an end. Of their
castle under Corstorphine Hill, and their town
mansion in the High Street of Edinburgh, not
one stone remains upon another. The very wynd
that so long preserved their name, where once
they flourished among the civic magnates, has
vanished.
?Of what remained of their castle we measured
the fragments of the foundations in 1848, and
found them to consist of a curtain wall, facing the
west, one hundred feet in length, flanked by two
round towers, each twentyone feet in diameter
externally. The ruins were then about seven feet
high, except a fragment on the south, about twelve
feet in height, with the remains of an arrow hole.?
Southward and eastward of this castle there lay
for ages a great sheet of water known as Corstorphine
Loch, and so deep was the Leith in those
days, that provisions, etc., for the household were
brought by boat from the neighbourhood of Coltbridge.
Lightfoot mentions that the Loch of Corstorphine
was celebrated for the production of the
water-hemlock, a plant much more deadly than the
common hemlock,
The earliest proprietors of. Corstorphine traceable
are Thomas de Marshal and William de la
Roche, whose names are in the Ragman Roll
under date 1296. In the Rolls of David 11.
there was a charter to Hew Danyelstoun, ? of the
forfaultrie of David Marshal, Knight, except
Danyelstoun, which Thomas Carno got by gift,
and Llit lands of Cortorphing whilk Malcolm Ramsay
got? (Robertson?s ? Index.?)
They were afterwards possessed by the Mores of
Abercurn, from whom, in the time of Sir William
More, under King Robert II., they were obtained
by charter by Sir Adam Forrester, whose name
was of great antiquity, being deduced from the
office of Keeper of the King?s Forests, his armorial
bearings being three hunting horns. In that charter
he is simply styled ?Adam Forrester, Burgess of
Edinburgh.? This was in 1377, and from thenceforward
Corstorphine became the chief title of
his family, though he was also Laird of Nether
Liberton.
Previous to this his name appears in the Burgh
Records as chief magistrate of Edinburgh, 24th
April, 1373 ; and in 1379 Robert 11. granted him
?twenty merks of sterlings from the custom of
the said burgh, granted to him in heritage by our
other letters . . . , until we, or our heirs,
infeft the said Adam, or his heirs, in twenty merks ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Corstorphine. of the House of Orkney. He is represented in armour of the fifteenth ...

Book 5  p. 118
(Score 1.07)

I 28 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Prinm Street.
fiery oratory; and to succeeding times it will
preserve a vivid ?representation of one who,
apart from all his other claims to such commemoration,
was universally recognised as one
of the most striking, poetic, and noble-looking men
of his time.?
About the same period there was inaugurated at
erected by the late Lord Murray, a descendant and
representative of Ramsay?s. It rises from a pedestal,
containing on its principal side a medallion
portrait of Lord Murray, and on the reverse side
one of General Ramsay (Allan?s grandson), on the
west one of Mrs. Ramsay, and on the east similar
representations of the general?s two daughters,
DEAN RAMSAY. (From a Photpajh by/& Mofld.)
the eastern corner of the West Gardens a white
marble statue of Allan Ramsay. A memorial
of the poet was suggested in the Sots Magazine
as far back as 1810, and an obelisk to his memory,
known as the Ramsay monument, was erected near
Pennicuick, nearly a century before that time.
The marble statue is from the studio of Sir John
Steel, and rather grotesquely represents the poet
with the silk nightcap worn by gentlemen of his
time as a temporary substitute for the wig, and was
Lady Campbell and Mrs. Malcolm. ?Thus we
find,? says Chambers, ?? owing to the esteem which
genius ever commands, the poet of the Genfle
Shepherd in the immortality of marble, surrounded
by the figures of relatives and descendants who so
acknowledged their aristocratic rank to be inferior
to his, derived from mind alone.?
Next in order was erected, in ~ 8 7 7 , the statue to
the late Adam Black, the eminent publisher, who
represented the city in Parliament, held many ... 28 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Prinm Street. fiery oratory; and to succeeding times it will preserve a vivid ...

Book 3  p. 128
(Score 1.05)

THE SCHOOL OF ARE. 379 South Bridge.]
called Adam Square. In those days the ground
in front of these was an open space, measuring
about 250 feet one way by zoo the other, nearly
to Robertson?s Close in the Cowgate, which was
concealed by double rows of trees.
In one of these houses there resided for many
years, and died on the 28th July, 1828, Dr. Andrew
Duncan, First Physician to His Majesty for Scotland;
and an eminent citizen in his day, so much
so that his funeral was a public one. ?The custom
of visiting Arthur?s Seat early on the morning
of the 1st of May is, or rather was, observed with
great enthusiasm by the inhabitants of Edinburgh,?
says the editor of ? Kay?s Portraits.? ? Dr.
younger son of Hope of Rankeillour, in Fife. Of
Stewart and Lindsay, the former was the son of
Charles Stewart of Ballechin, and the latter a
younger son of Lindsay of Wormiston. Among the
leading drapers : In the firm of Lindsay and Douglas,
the former was a younger son of Lindsay of Eaglescairnie,
and the latter of Douglas of Garvaldfoot.
Of Dundas, Inglis, and Callender, the first was a son
of Dundas of Fingarth, in Stirlingshire, the family
from which the Earl of Zetland and Baron Amesbury
are descended ; the second was a younger
son of Sir John Inglis of Cramond, and succeeded
to that baronetage, which, it may be remarked,
took its rise in an Edinburgh merchant of the
seventeenth century. Another eminent clothdealiog
firm, Hamilton and Dalrymple, comprehended
John Dalrymple, a younger brother of the wellknown
Lord Hailes and a grandson of the first
Lord Stair. He was at one time Master of the
Merchant Company. In a fourth firm, Stewart,
Wallace, and Stoddart, the leading partner was a
.son of Stewart of Dunearn.?
The Edinburgh Chamber of Commerce and
Manufactures is an offshoot of the old Merchant
Company in 1786, and consists of a chairman and
deputy,with about thirty directors and other officers,
and has led the van in patronising and promoting
liberal measures in trade and commerce generally.
The schools of the Edinburgh Merchant Company
are among the most prominent institutions
of the city at this day.
More than twenty years behre the erection of the
South Bridge, the celebrated Mr. Robert Adam, of
Maryburgh in Fifeshire, from whose designs many of
the principal edifices in Edinburgh were formed, and
who was appointed architect to the king in 1762,
built, on that piece of ground whereon the south-west
end of the Bridge Street abutted, two very large
and handsome houses, each with large bow-windows,
which, being well recessed back, and having the
College buildinas on the south, formed what was
at an expense within {is reach; and the idea was
the more favourably entertained because such a
scheme was already in full operation at Anderson?s
Institution in Glasgow, and the foundation of the
Edinburgh School of Art in the winter of 1821
was the immediate result.
With Mr. Horner many gentlemen well-known
in the city cordially co-operated ; among these were
Sir David Brewster, Principal of the University,
Dr. Brunton, Mr. (afterwards Lord) Murray, Professor
Pillans, Mr. Playfair, architect, Mr. Robert
Bryson, and Mr. James Mylne, brassfounder.
To enable young tradesmen to become acquainted
with the principles or chemistry and
Duncan was one of the most regular in his devotion
to the Queen of May during the long period of
fifty years, and to the very last he performed his
wonted pilgrimage with all the spirit, if not the
agility, of his younger years On the 1st of May,
1826, two years before his death, although aged
eighty-two, he paid his annual visit, and on the
summit of the hill read a few lines of an address to
Alexander Duke of Gordon, the oldest peer then
alive.? The Doctor was the originator of the Caledonian
Horticultural Society, and the first projector
of a lunatic asylum in Edinburgh
Latterly the houses of Adam were occupied by
the Edinburgh Young Men?s Christian Association,
and the Watt Institution and School of Arts,
which was founded by Mr. Leonard Horner,
F.R.S., a native, and for many years a citizen, of
Edinburgh, the son of Mr. John .Horner, of Messrs.
Inglis and Horner, merchants, at the Cross. The
latter years of his useful life were spent in London,
where he died in 1864, but he always visited Edinburgh
from time to time, and evinced the deepest
interest in its welfare. In 1843 he published the
memoirs and correspondence of his younger brother,
the gifted Francis Horner (the friend of Lansdowne,
Jeffrey, and Brougham), who died at Pisa,
yet won a cenotaph in Westminster Abbey.
To an accidental conversation in 1821, in the
shop of Mr. Bryson, a watchmaker, the origin of
the school has been traced. Mr. Horner asked
whether the young men brought to Mr. Bryson?s
trade received any mathematical education, and
the latter replied that, ?it was seldom, if ever,
the case, and that daily experience showed the
want of this instruction; but that the expense
and usual hours of teaching mathematical classes
put it out of the power of working tradesmen to
obtain such education.? The suggestion then
occurred to Mr. Horner to devise a plan by which
such branches of science as would benefit the
mechanic might be taught at convenient hours and
. . ... SCHOOL OF ARE. 379 South Bridge.] called Adam Square. In those days the ground in front of these was an open ...

Book 2  p. 379
(Score 1.04)

......

Book 11  p. 39
(Score 1.04)

I
The Second High School.] JAMES PILLANS. 295
Of the Rector and other teachers we have the
following description by Mr. B. Mackay, M.A., in
Steven?s work :-? I first saw the High School in
1803. I was then a youth of sixteen, and had come
from Caithness, my native county, with a view to
prosecute the study ofmedicine . . . . . The
first master to whom I was introduced was the celebrated
Dr. Adam. He was sitting at his study
table with ten or twelve large old volumes spread
out before him. He received us with great kindness,
invited me to visit his class, and obligingly
offered to solve any difficulties that might present
themselves in the course of my classical reading,
but held out no prospect of private teaching. His
appearance was that of a fresh, strong, healthy
old man, with an exceedingly benevo!ent countenance.
Raeburn?s portrait of him, hung up in the
school, is an admirable likeness, as well as the
print engraved from it. He wore a short threadbare
spencer, or jacket, which gave him rather a
droll appearance, and, as I then thought, indicated
economical habits. I was successively introduced
to all the other masters, and visited their classes.
The first day I entered Dr. Adam?s class he came
forward to meet me, and said, ? Come away, sir !
You will see more done here in an hour than in
any other school in Europe.? I sat down on one
of the cross benches. The Doctor was calling up
pupils from all parts of it ; taking sometimes the
head, sometimes the foot of the forms ; sometimes
he examined the class downwards from head to
ioot, and sometimes from foot to head. . . . .
The next class I visited was that of Mr. Alexander
Christison, afterwards Professor of Humanity. He
was seated quite erect in his desk, his chin resting
on his thumb, and his fore-finger turned up towards
his temple, and occasionally pressed against his
nose. When we entered he.took no notice of us.
He was giving short sentences in English, and
requiring the boys to turn them extmfore into
Latin, and vary them through all the moods and
tenses, which they did with great readiness and
precision. His class was numerous, but presented
the stillness of death. You might have heard a
pin drop. . . . . . The next master to
whom I was introduced was Mr. Luke Fraser,
whom we found standing on the floor examining
his class. He was, I think, the strongest built man
I ever beheld. He was then old, and wore a
scratch wig. The class, like the rest, was numerous
and in fine order. In changing books, however,
the boys made a little noise, which he checked by
a tremendous stamp on the floor that made both
them and me quake, and enveloped his own legs
in a cloud of dust.??
During all the years of his rectorship Adam
was contributing from time to time to the classical
literature of the country. The least popular of his
many works is the ?Classical Biography,? published
in 1800 ; and the last and most laborious of
his useful compilations was his abridged ? h i c o n
Lingue mine Compendiarium,? 8v0, published in
1805. Through life he had been a hard student
and an early riser. On leaving his class at three
pm., his general walk was round by the then
tree-shaded Grange Loan ; but in earlier years his
favourite ramble was up the green slopes of Arthur?s
Seat. Having been seized in school with an
apoplectic attack, he languished for five days, and
as death was approaching, fancying himself during
the wanderings of his mind, as the light faded
from his eyes, still among his pupils, he said, ?But
it grows dud-boys, you may go ! ?? and instantly
expired, in the 68th year of liis age, on the 18th
December, 1809.
His remains were laid in the gloomy little ground
attached to St. Cuthbert?s chapel of ease, where a
monument was erected to his memory with a Latin
inscription thereon, written by Dr. James Gregory
of the Edinburgh University. He was among the
last who adhered to the old-fashioned dress,
breeches and silk stockings, with knee and shoebuckles
and the queue, though he had relinquished
the use of hair-powder.
A successor was found to him in the person of
Mr. James Pillans, M.A. (the ?paltry Pillans? of
Byron?s ? English Bards and Scotch Reviewers ?),
who was elected rector on the 24th of January, 1810.
As one of the Doctor?s early pu~ils, and ranking next
to Francis Homer, who had borne off the highest
honours, he entered upon his duties with enthusiasm,
and the ardour with which he was received in the hall
of the High School on his a, karance there, augured
well for the future. In 1811 he published a selection
from the school exercises of his best pupils, a
volume, which, excepting imperfections, was most
honourable to the boyish authors, the oldest of
whom had not reached his fifteenth year. A
favourable critique of this unique work-which was
in Latin metre-appeared in the Quarter& Review
from the pen of the then poet laureate, Southey.
To the cultivation of Greek literature great
attention was now paid, and the appearance made
by the pupils at their periodical examinations was
so brilliant, that on the motion of Sir John
Marjoribanks, Bart., the Ldrd Provost, the Town
Council unanimously resolved on the 27th July,
1814, ?that there be annually presented by the
City of Edinburgh to the boy at the head of the
Greek class, taught by the Rector of the High ... Second High School.] JAMES PILLANS. 295 Of the Rector and other teachers we have the following description ...

Book 4  p. 295
(Score 1.04)

......

Book 11  p. 59
(Score 1.02)

Hig5 Street.! BISHOP BOTHWELL. 219 .
CHAPTEX X Y v r .
THE. HIGH STREET ( ~ ~ ~ f h t d ) .
The Ancient Markets-The House of Adam Bothwell, Bishop of Orkney-The Bishop and Queen Mary-His Sister Anne-Sir Williarn Dick.
of Braid-& Colossal Wealth-Hard Fortune-The ? Lamexable State?-Advocates? Close-Sir James Stewart?s House-Andreu
Cmbie, ? I Counsellor Pleydell ?-Scougal?s House-His Picture Gallery-Roxburghe Close-Waniston?s Close-Lmd Philiphaugh?s
House-Bruce of Binning?s Mansion-Messrs. W. and R. Chambers?s Printing and Publkhing Establishment-History of the Firm-
House of Su Thomas Craig-Sir Archibald Johnston of Warnstoa
PREVIOUS to 1477 there were no particular places
assigned for holding the different markets in the
city, and this often caused much personal strife
among the citizens. To remedy this evil, James 1II.j
by letters patent, ordained that the markets for the
various commodities should be held in the following
parts of the city, viz. :-
In the Cowgate, the place for the sale of hay,
straw, grass, and horse-meat, ran from the foot ol
Forester?s Wynd to the foot of Peebles Wynd.
The flesh market was to be held in the High
Street, on both sides, from Niddry?s Wynd to the
Blackfriars Wynd; the salt market to be held in
the former Wynd.
The crames, or booths, for chapmen were to be
set up between the Bell-house and the Tron on the
north side of the street; the booths of the hatmakers
and skinners to be on the opposite side of
the way.
The wood and timber market extended from
Dalrymple?s Yard to the Greyfriars, and westward.
The place for the sale of shoes, and of red barked
leather, was between Forrester?s Wynd and the
west wall of Dalrymple?s Yard.
The cattIe-market, and that for the sale of
slaughtered sheep, wcs to be abaut the Tron-beam,
and so U doun throuch to the Friar?s Wynd ; alsa,
all pietricks, pluvars, capones, conyngs, chekins,
and all other wyld foulis and tame, to be usit and
sald about the Market Croce.?
All living cattle were not to be brought into the
town, but to be sold under the walls, westward of
the royal stables, or lower end of the Grassmarket.
Meal, grain, and corn were to be retailed from
the Tolbooth up to Liberton?s Wynd.
The Upper Bow was the place ordained for the
sale of all manner of cloths, cottons, and haberdashery;
also for butter, cheese, and wool, ?and
sicklike gudis yat suld be weyif? at a tron set
there, but not to be opened before nine A.M. Beneath
the Nether Bow, and about st. Mary?s
Wynd, was the place set apart for cutlers, smiths,
lorimers, lock-makers, ?and sicklike workmen ; and
all armour, p i t h , gear,? and so forth, were to be
sold in the Friday market, before the Greyfriars?.
In Gordon of Rothiemay?s map ?the fleshstocks
? are shown as being in the Canongate,
immediately below the Nether Bow Port.
Descending the High Street, after passing Bank
Street, to which we have already referred, there is
situated one of the most remarkable old edifices in
the city-the mansion of Adam Bothwell, Bishop
of Orkney. It stands at the foot of Byres? Close,
so named from the house of Sir John Byres of
Coates, but is completely hidden from every point
save the back windows of the Dui0 Review office.
A doorway on the east side of the close gives access
to a handsome stone stair, guarded by a curved
balustrade, leading to a garden terrace that overlooked
the waters of the loch. Above this starts
abruptly up the north front of the house, semihexagonal
in form, surmounted by three elegantlycarved
dormer windows, having circular pediments,
and surmounted by a finiaL
On one was inscribed L u s prbique Deo; ona
another, FeZider, infeZix.
In this edifice (long used as a warehouse by
Messrs. Clapperton and Co.) dwelt Adam, Bishop
of Orkney, the same prelate who, at four in the.
morning of the 15th of May, 1567, performed in
the chapel royal at Holyrood the fatal marriage
ceremony which gave Bothwell possession of the.
unfortunate and then despairing Queen Mary.
He was a senator of the College of Justice, and
the royal letter in his favour bears, ?Providing.
always ye find him able and qualified for administration
of justice, and conform to the acts and
statutes of the College.?
He married the unhappy queen after thenew
forms, ?not with the mess, but with preachings,?
according to the ?? Diurnal of Occurrents,? in
the chapel; according to Keith and others, ?in
the great hall, where the Council usually met??
But he seemed a pliable prelate where his own
interests were concerned ; he was one of the first
to desert his royal mistress, and, after her enforced
abdication, placed the crown upon the head of her
infant son ; and in 1568, according to the book of
the ?? Universal Kirk,? he bound himself to preach
a sermon in Holyrood, and therein to confess
publicly his offence in performing a marriage ceremony
for Bothwell and Mary.
As the name of the bishop was appended to that
infamous bond of adherence granted by the Scottish
nobles to Bothwell, before the latter put in practice
his ambitious schemes against his sovereign, it is ... Street.! BISHOP BOTHWELL. 219 . CHAPTEX X Y v r . THE. HIGH STREET ( ~ ~ ~ f h t d ) . The Ancient ...

Book 2  p. 219
(Score 1.02)

I74 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Charlotte Square.
Bank, near Edinburgh; Arnsheen, in Ayrshire ;
Redcastle, Inverness-shire ; Denbrae, Fifeshire; and
Gogar Bank in Midlothian. He died on the 27th
of May, 1836, Lady Fettes having pre-deceased him
on the 7th of the same month.
By his trust disposition and settlement, dated
5th July 1830, and several codicils thereto, the last
being dated the 9th of March, 1836, he disponed his
whole estates to and in favour of Lady Fettes, his
sister Mrs. Bruce, Mr. Corrie, Manager of the
British Linen Company, A. Wood, Esq. (afterwards
Lord Wood), and A. Rutherford, Esq. (afterwards
Lord Rutherford), as trustees ; the purposes of the
trust, which made ample provision for Lady Fettes
in case of her survival, being :-(I) The payment of
legacies to various poor relations ; ( 2 ) Bequests to
charitable institutions ; and (3) The application of
the residue to ?? form an endowment for the maintenance,
education, and outfit of young people
whose parents have either died without leaving
syfficient funds for that purpose, or who from innocent
misfortune during their own lives are unable
to give suitable education to their children.?
The trust funds, which at the time of the
amiable Sir William?s death amounted to about
&166,000, were accumulated for a number of years,
and reached such an amount as enabled the
trustees to carry out his benevolent intentions in a
becoming manner ; and, accordingly, in 1864 contracts
were entered into for the erection of the superb
college which now very properly bears his name.
Lord Cockburn, that type of the true old Scottish
gentleman, ?? whose dignified yet homely manner
and solemn beautygave his aspect a peculiar grace,?
and who is so well known for his pleasant and gossiping
volume of ?? Memorials,? and for the deep interest
he took in all pertaining to Edinburgh, occupied
No. 14 ; and the next house was the residence
of Lord Pitmilly. James Wolfe Murray, afterwards
Lord Cringletie, held No. 17 in 1811; and the
Right Hon. David Boyle, Lord Justice Clerk, and
afterwards Lord Justice General, occupied the same
house in 1830.
Lieutenant-General Alexander Dirom, of Mount
Annan, and formerly of the 44th regiment, when
Quartermaster-General in Scotland, rented No. I 8
in I 8 I I. He was an officer of great experience, and
had seen much service in the old wars of India, and,
when major, published an interesting narrative of
the campiign against Tippoo Sultan. Latterly his
house was occupied by the late James Crawfurd,
Lord Ardmillan, who was called to the bar in 1829,
and was raised to the bench in Jacuary, 1855.
At the same time No. 31 was the abode of the
Right Hon. Wlliam Adam, &ord Chief Commissioner
of the Jury Court, the kinsman of the
architect of the Square, and a man of great
eminence in his time. He was the son of Adam
Blair of Blair Adam, and was born in July, 1751.
Educated at Edinburgh, he became a member of
the bar, but did not practise then ; and in 1774 and
1794 he sat for several places in Parliament. In
the latter year he began to devote himself to his
profession, and in 1802 was appointed Counsel for
the East India Company, and four years afterwards
Chancellor for the Duchy of Cornwall. After being
M.P. for Kinross, in 18 I I he resumed his professional
duties, and was deemed so sound a lawyer that he
was frequently consulted by the Prince of .Wales
and the Duke of York.
In the course of a parliamentary dispute with
Mr. Fox, about the first American war, they fought
a duel, which happily ended without bloodshed,
after which the latter remarked jocularly that had
his antagonist not loaded his pistols with Government
powder he would have been shot. In 1814
he submitted to Government a plan for trying civil
causes by jury in Scotland, and in the following
year was made a Privy Councillor and Baron of the
Scottish Exchequer. In I 8 I 6 an Act of Parliament
was obtained instituting a separate Jury Court in
Scotland, and he was appointed Lord Chief Commissioner,
with two of the judges as colleagues,
and to this court he applied all his energies, overcoming
by his patience, zeal, and urbanity, the many
obstacles opposed to the success of such an institution.
In 1830, when sufficiently organised, the
Jury Court was, by another Act, transferred to the
Court of Session, and when taking his seat on the
bench of the latter for the first time, complimentary
addresses were presented to him from the Faculty
of Advocates, the Society of Writers to the Signet,
and that of the solicitors before the Supreme
Courts, thanking him for the important benefits .
which the introduction of trial by jury in civil cases
had conferred on Scotland. In 1833 he +red
from the bench, and died at his house in Charlotte
Square, on the 17thFebruary, 1839, in his 87th year.
? In 1777 he had married Eleanora, daughter of
Charles tenth Lord Elphinstone. She died in
1808, but had a family of several sons-viz., John,
long at the head of the Council in India, who died
some years before his father; Admiral Sir Charles,
M.P., one of the Lords of the Admiralty ; William
George, an eminent King?s Counsel, afterwards
Accountant-General in the Court of Chancery;
and Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick, who held a
command at the battle of Waterloo, and was afterwards
successively Lord High Commissioner to the
Ionian Isles and Governor of Madras. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Charlotte Square. Bank, near Edinburgh; Arnsheen, in Ayrshire ; Redcastle, ...

Book 3  p. 174
(Score 1)

......

Book 9  p. 686
(Score 1)

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