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Edinburgh Bookshelf


Index for “adam ferguson”

St. Cavid Street.] DAVID HUME. 161
which a denomination was conferred upon the street
in which his house is situated. ?Perhaps, if it be
premised that a corresponding street at the other
angle of St. Andrew Square is called St. Andrew
Street-a natural enough circumstance with reference
to the square, whose title was determined
on the plan-it will appear likely that the choosing
of ? St. David Street ? for that in which Hume?s
house stood was not originally designed as a jest
at his expense, though a second thought and whim of
his friends might quickly give it that application?
Burton, in his ?? Life of Hume,? relates that
when the house was first inhabited by him, and
when the street was as yet without a name-a very
dubious story, as every street was named on the
On Sunday the 25th of August, 1776, Hume died
in his new house. On the manner of his death,
after the beautiful picture which has been drawn of
it by his friend, Adam?Smith, we need not enlarge.
The coolness of his last moments, unexpected by
many, was universally remarked at the time, and
is still well known. He was buried in the place
selected by himself, in the old burial-ground on the
western slope of the Calton HilL A conflict
between vague horror of his imputed opinions and
respect for the individual who had passed a life so
pure and irreproachable, created a great sensation
among the populace of Edinburgh, and a vast
concourse attended the body to the grave, which
for some time was an object of curiosity to many
Edinburgh. Adam Smith, Blair, and Ferguson, were
within easy reach, and what remains of Hume?s
correspondence with Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto,
Colonel Edmonstone, and Mrs. Cockburn, gives
pleasant glimpses of his social surroundings, and
enables us to understand his contentment with
his absence from the more perturbed, if more
brilliant, worlds of Paris and London.
In 1775 his health began to fail, and it was
evident that he would not long enjoy his new
residence. In the spring of the following year his
disorder, which appears to have been a hzniorrhage
of the bowels, attained such a height that he knew
it must be fatal, so he made his will, and wrote
? My Own Life,? the conclusion of which is one of
the most cheerful and dignified leave-takings of
life and all its concerns.
wilderness, and may meditate undisturbedly upon
the epitome of nature and man-the kingdoms of
this world-spread out before him. Surely there
is a fitness in the choice of this last resting-place
by the philosopher and historian who saw so
clearly that these two kingdoms form but one
realm, governed by uniform laws, and based alike
on impenetrable darkness and eternal silence; and
faithful to the last to that profound veracity which
was the secret of his philosophic greatness, he
ordered that the simple Roman tomb which marks
his grave should bear no inscription but, ?DAVID
HUME. Born, 1711. Died, 1776.? Leavhg it to
posterity to add the rest.?
It is a curious fact, sometimes adverted to in
Edinburgh, but which cannot be authenticated,
according to the Book of Days, that in the room ... Cavid Street.] DAVID HUME. 161 which a denomination was conferred upon the street in which his house is ...

Book 3  p. 161
(Score 2.64)

The Lawnmarket] DR. JOHNSON. 95
years, his house was rented by Dr. Blair ; but amid
the gaieties of Pans his mind would seem to have
reverted to his Scottish home. ?I am sensible
that I am misplaced, and I wish twice or thrice
aday for my easychair, and my retreat in James?s
Court:? he wrote to his friend Dr. Ferguson;
then he added, as Burton tells us, Never think,
dear Ferguson, that as long as you are master of
your own fireside and your own time, you can be
unhappy, or that any other circumstance can add
to your enjoyment.? ?Never put a fire in the
south room with the red paper,? he wrote to Dr.
Blair ; ? it is so warm of itself, that all last winter,
which was a very severe one, I lay with a single
blanket, and frequently, upon coming in at midnight
starving with cold, I have sat down and read for
an hour as if I had a stove in the room.? One
of his most intimate friends and correspondents
while in France was Mrs. Cockburn of Ormiston,
authoress of one of the beautiful songs called U The
Flowers of the Forest,? who died at Edinburgh,
1794. Some of her letters to Hume are dated in
1764, from Baud?s Close, on .the Castle Hill.
About the year 1766, when still in Paris, he began
to think of settling there, and gave orders to sell
his house in James?s Court, and he was only prevented
from doing so by a mere chance. Leaving
the letter of instruction to be posted by his Parisian
landlord, he set out to pass his Christmas with
the Countess de Boufflers ai L?Isle Adam ; but a
snow storm had blocked up the roads. He returned
to Paris, and finding that his letter had not
yet been posted, he changed his mind, and
thought that he had better retain his flat in James?s
Court, to which he returned in 1766. He soon
after left it as Under-Secretary of State to General
Conway, but in 1769, on the resignation of that
Minister, he returned again to James?s Court, with
what was then deemed opulence-AI,ooo per annuni-
and became the head of that brilliant circle
of literary men who then adorned Edinburgh. ?I
am glad to come within sight of you: he wrote to
Adam Smith, then busy with ?The Wealth of
Nations? in the quietude of his mother?s house,
$? and to have a view of Kirkcaldy from mywindows ;
but I wish also to be on speaking terms with you.?
In another letter he speaks of ??my old house in
James?s Court, which is very cheerful and very
elegant, but too small to display my great talent
for cookery, the science to which I intend to addict
the remaining years of my life.?
Elsewhere we shall find David Hunie in a more
fashionable abode in the new town of Edinburgh,
and on his finally quitting James?s Court, his house
there was leased by Tames Boswell, whose character
is thus summed up by Lord Macaulay :-? Servile
and impertinent, shallow and pedantic, a bigot and
a sot, bloated with family pride, and eternally blustering
about the dignity of a born gentleman, yet
stooping to be a talebearer, an eavesdropper, a
common butt in the taverns of London ; so curious
to know everybody who was talked about that,
Tory and High Churchman though he was, he
rnanceuvred for an introduction to Tom Paine ; so
vain of the most childish distinctions, that when he
had been to Court he drove to the office where
his book was printing, without changing his clothes,
and summoned all the printer?s devils to admire
his new rufRes and sword. Such was this man,
and such he was content to be.?
He was the eldest son of Alexander Boswell, one
of the Judges of the Court of Session, a sound
scholar, a respectable and useful country gentleman,
an able and upright judge, who, on his
elevation to the Bench, in compliance with the
Scottish custom, assumed the distinctive title of
Lord Auchinleck, from his estate in Ayrshire.
His mother, Eupham Erskine, a descendant of the
line of Alloa, from the House of Mar, was a woman
of exemplary piety. To James?s Court, Boswell,
in -4ugust, 1773, cohducted Dr. Johnson, from the
White Horse Hostel, in ,St. Mary?s Wynd, then
one of the principal inns of Edinburgh, where he
found him storming at the waiter for having sweetened
his lemonade without using the sugar-tongs, ,
~Johnson and I,? says Boswell, walked arm-inarm
up the High Street to my house in James?s
Court, and as we went, he acknowledged that the
breadth of the street and the loftiness of the buildings
on each side made a noble appearance.? ?My
wife had tea ready for him,? he adds, ?? ail we sat
chatting till nearly two in the morning.? It would
appear that before the time of the visit-which
lasted over several days-Boswell had removed
into a better and larger mansion, immediately
below and on the level of the court, a somewhat
extraordinary house in its time, as it consisted of
two floors with an internal stair. Mrs. Boswell,
who was Margaret Montgomery, a relation of the
Earl of Eglmton, a gentlewoman of good breeding
and brilliant understanding, was disgusted with the
bearing and manners of Johnson, and expressed
her opinion of him that he was ?a great brute !?
And well might she think so, if Macaulay?s description
of him be correct. ?He could fast,
but when he did not fast he tore his dinner like
a famished wolf, With the veins swelling in his
forehead, and the perspiration running down his
cheeks; he scarcely ever took wine; but when
he drank it, he drank it greedily and in large
. ... Lawnmarket] DR. JOHNSON. 95 years, his house was rented by Dr. Blair ; but amid the gaieties of Pans his mind ...

Book 1  p. 99
(Score 2.38)

(Burn a Drawing bu Geo. W. Simson.) ... FETTER h OILPIN h C? LITH.LON0ON THE HOUSE OF ADAM BOTHWELL, BISHOP OF ORKNEY. (Burn a Drawing bu Geo. ...

Book 5  p. viii
(Score 2.27)

well-known on the Edinburgh stage. Thomas
Campbell thus relates the reception, memorable
in the annals of the Drama, of Mrs. Siddons, as he
learned it from her olvn lips :-? The grave atten-
ADAM BLACK. (From a Pbfozrapl by Messrs. Marrll& Co.)
she would never again cross the Tweed ! When
it was finished she paused, and looked to the
audience. The deep silence wzs broken only by
a single voice exclaiming, ? That?s 720 bad!? This
tion of my Scottish countrymen,? he writes, ?and
their canny reservation of praise till they were
sure she had deserved it, had well-nigh worn out
her patience. She had been used to speak to
animated audiences, but now she felt that she had
been speaking to stones. Successive flashes of her
elocution that had always been sure to electrify the
South, fell in vain on these Northern flints. At
last, as I well remember, she told me she coiled
ludicrous parsimony ot praise convulsed the
audience with laughter. But the laugh was followed
by such thunders of applause, that, amidst her
stunned and nervous agitation, she was not without
fear of the galleries coming down.?
Mr. Yates, and other players, had remarked the
extreme coldness or quietness of the Edinburgh
audience, and while they thought it might indicate
a deep and appreciative feeling regarding the play,
they deprecated the loss of those bursts of hearty
applause which greeted their efforts elsewhere. In
Adam Black (February 10, 1784?January 24, 1874) was a Scottish publisher. He founded the A & C Black publishing company.

Black was born in Edinburgh, the son of a builder. After serving as an apprentice to a bookseller in Edinburgh and London, he began business for himself in Edinburgh in 1808. By 1826 he was recognized as one of the principal booksellers in the city; and a few years later he was joined in business by his nephew Charles.

The two most important events connected with the history of the firm were the publication of the 7th, 8th and 9th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica, and the purchase of the stock and copyright of the Waverley Novels. The copyright of the Encyclopaedia passed into the hands of Adam Black and a few friends in 1827. In 1851 the firm bought the copyright of the Waverley Novels for £27,000; and in 186, they became the proprietors of De Quincey's works.

Adam Black was twice Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and represented the city in parliament from 1856 to 1865. He retired from business in 1865, and died on the 24th of January 1874. He was succeeded by his sons, who removed their business in 1895 to London. There is a bronze statue of Adam Black in East Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh.

See Memoirs of Adam Black, edited by Alexander Nicholson (2nd ed., Edinburgh, 1885).

... on the Edinburgh stage. Thomas Campbell thus relates the reception, memorable in the annals of the ...

Book 2  p. 344
(Score 2.19)

marching a short distance along the coast. This they accomplished in doublequick
time, without having almost ever seen the face of an enemy. At St. Cas
Howe had every thing in readiness, so that not a moment was lost, the troops
entering the boats just as they arrived on the beach. Lord Adam Gordon
greatly distinguished himself by bringing up the rear of the troops, and
resolutely retarding the advanae of the enemy. The embarkation took place
on the 11th September, thus finishing, almost without bloodshed, the long
campaign of seven days !
Lord Adam Gordon next became Colonel of the 66th Regiment of Foot, and
served for several years in America. He returned in 1765, having been
entrusted by the heads of the Colonies with a statement of their grievances.
Lord Adam had a long conference with the Secretaries of State j but his mission
was not productive of any favourable result. In 1775, he was appointed
Colonel of the 26th, or Cameronian Regiment; and, in 1782, was made Governor
of Tynemouth Castle.
Lord Adam sat in Parliament for many years, having been' first returned for
the county of Aberdeen in 1754. He afterwards'represented the county of
Kincardine from 1774 till 1788, when he vacated his seat, and was next year
appointed to the command of the Forces in Scotland. Lord Adam thereupon
took up his residence in Holyrood Palace, which he caused to be materially
repaired ; but displayed very questionable taste in having all the oak carvings
painted white !
While Commander-in-Chief, Lord Adam frequently amused himself by
reviewing those domestic warriors, the Edinburgh Volunteers, and the other
defensive bands which the emergencies of the country had called into existence.
He also had the honour of presenting a set of colours to a battalion of the Scots
Brigade. The ceremony took place in George Square, on the 19th of
June 1795. Lord Adam, who was then a very old man, addressed the corps
in the following terms :-" General Dundas, and officers of the Scots Brigade,
-1 have the honour to present these colours to you j and I am very happy
in having this opportunity of expressing my wishes that the Brigade may
continue, by their good conduct, to merit the approbation of our gracious
Sovereign, and to maintain that reputation which all Europe knows that old and
respectable corps have most deservedly enjoyed." This oration was received
with great applause, and the veterans were visibly affected.
Lord Adam resigned the command, in 1798, in favour of Sir Ralph
Abercromby, and retired to his seat of "The Burn," in the county of
Kincardine, where he died suddenly on the 13th August 1801, in consequence
of inflammation produced by drinking lemonade while over-heated.
His lordship married in London, in 1776, Jane, daughter of John Drummond,
Esq. of Megginch, in the county of Perth, the widow of James, second Duke of
Atholl, but had no issue.' Her Grace died at Holyrood pause, on the 22d
February 1795.
1 It waa on the Duchess that the song-beginning, " For lack of gold "-was composed. ... SKETCHES. 213 marching a short distance along the coast. This they accomplished in doublequick time, ...

Book 8  p. 300
(Score 2.18)

High Street.7 BAILIE FULLERTON. 277
says, after they heard the explosion at the Kirk-offield,
?thai past away togidder out at the Frier
Yet, and sinderit when thai came to the Cowgate,
pairt up the Blackfriar Wynd and pairt up the
cloiss which is under the Endmylie?s Well.?
On the east side of the Close, and opposite to
the house of Bassandyne the printer, one with a
hideous in the eyes of the reformers, ?playing a
Robin Hood,? as we have related in our account of
the Tolbooth, and would have hanged him therefor,
had not the armed trades made themselves
fairly masters of the city.
In January, 1571, he sat as Comniissioner for
the City in the General Assembly which met at
highly ornamented double doorway, was themansion
of Adam Fullerton, a man of great note in his time,
and an active coadjutor of the early reformers.
The northern door lintel had the legend-
and the southem-
He was one of the Bailies of Edinburgh in 1561,
who, with the Provost, committed to ward the
craftsman who had been guilty of that enormity so
Leith, and in the summer of the same year he was
made captain of two hundred armed citizens, who
formed themselves into a band or company, and
joined the forces of the Regent in that seaport, for
which he was denounced as a traitor to his @een ;
and by an act of the Estates, sitting in the Tolbooth,
and presided over on the 18th of August by the
Duke of Chatelherault, many rebels to the Queen,
? forrnost among whom is Adam Fullerton,? were
declared to have forfeited their lives, lands, goods,
1 and coats of arms. . His house in the Fountain ... Street.7 BAILIE FULLERTON. 277 says, after they heard the explosion at the Kirk-offield, ?thai past away ...

Book 2  p. 277
(Score 2.16)


Book 10  p. 260
(Score 2.13)

Erskine, Sir William, 249
Erskine, Henry David, 289
Erskine, Sir James St. Clair, 38
Erskine, Mr. John, 381
Enkine, Dame Janet, 381
Erskine, Hon. Andrew, 325
Eskgrove, Lord, 260, 426
Ewing, Rev. Greville, 300, 334
Exeter, Lord, 420
FAIRHOLNMr., Adam, 224
Fairholme, George, Esq., 413
Fairholme, William, Esq., 413
Fairholme, Adam, Esq., 413
Farquharson, Mr.. of Haughton
Farren, Miss, 227
Fearn, David, 328
Fergus, John, Esq., 105
Fergus, Mr. John, 224
Ferguson, Fowler, 146
Fergusson, Dr. Adam, 53
Ferpson, Sir Adam, Bart., 63
Fergusson, Robert, the poet, 143.
Fergusson, Captain Adam, 199
Fergusson, of Pitfour, 202
Fergusson, Rev. Adam, 326
Tergusson, Captain John, 326,327
'ergusson, Mr. James, 327
rergusson, Mr. Adam, 327
?ergusson, Miss Helen, 366
Pergusson, Sir James, 392
Terrier, James, Esq., 206
Terrier, Miss Agnes, 206
Ferrier, Lieut. -General, 236
pettes, Sir William, 261
rield, Nr., of Crichton and Field,
'ife, Earl of, 77, 79
'iggins, Miss, 149
'ilk, Arnauld de, 205
indlater and Seafield, Earl of, 279
itz-Stephen, 96
letcher, General, 99
'letcher, of Saltoun, 287
ollett, Sir William, 379
oote, Mr., 148, 149, 348, 349
orbes, Lady, 45
orbes, Sir William, 62, 83, 179,
193, 413
orbes, Lord, 180
Drbes, Lady, 180, 183
wbes, Mr., 182
rbes, Sir William, 182
246, 430
Forbes, Mr. George, 183
Forbes, Sir John Stuart, 184,251,
Forbes, Mr. Charles, 184
Forbes, Professor James, 184
Porbes, Mr. Andrew, 307
Forbes, Sir David, 350
Forbes, Duncan, of Culloden, 350
Forbes, Miss Agnes, 350
Fordyce, Miss Ann, 43
Forrest, Mr., the American t r a e -
Forrester, Mr. Robert, 261
Fortune, Jack, 99
Fortune, Matthew, 99
Fortune, Mrs., 99
Fortune, Mr., 360
Foulis, Sir James, Bart., 307
Foulke, &fr. Francis, 422, 423
Fonrnier, Mr., 147
Fox, Hon. Charles James, 207,278
Franklin, Dr., 379
Fraser, Dame Eleanor, 39
Fraser, Major, 83
Fraser, Mr., 113
Fraser of Allness, 172
"aser, -, 278
Praser, Hon. Archibald, 284
+aser, William, Esq., 289
+aser, DIiss Margaret, 289
Treebairn, Robert, 96
Wlerton, Miss, 125
Wlerton, Mrs., 396
dim, 410
:AIMBOROUGII, the painter, 147
iagahan, Mr., 255
kill, Afr., of Crichton, Gall, and
Thomson, 391
[all, Mr. James, printer, 372
lalloway, George, 141
arden, Alexander, of Troup, 23
ardenstone, Lord, 61, 350, 419
arrick, the tragedian, 147, 148,
149, 150
:ascoigne, Sir Charles, 251
:avin, &h.2,0 6
ieddes, Mr., 144
:eddes, Nr., tobacconist, 260
ieddes, John, 352
:eorge III., King, 6, 42, 64, 96,
126, 129, 187, 285, 343, 382,
406, 415, 419
eorge IV., 198, 318
erard, Dr., of Aberdeen, 320
errald, Joseph, 168, 351, 353
Dundas, Robert, Lord President
100, 103, 168, 192, 349, 363
Dundas, Lord Chief Baron, 102
260, 308, 375
Dundas, Miss Montague, 110
Dundas, Thomas, of Fingask, 13
Dundas, Miss Mary, 131
Dundas, General, 213
Dandas, Sir Robert, Bart., 237
Dundas, Mr. John, 237
Dundas, bfr. Robert, 260
Dundas, Henrietta, 363
Dundas, Lady, 375
Dundas, Major-General, 383
Dundonald, Earl of, 384
Dunmore, Earl of, 295
Dunning, Mr., 119
Dunsinnan, Lord, 307, 392
Dymock, E. William, 300
EBDON,M isses, 330
Edward, Prince Charles, 9, 251,
Edward III., 96
Edwards, President, 172
Eglinton, Earl of, 99, 170
Eiston, Mr. John, 292
Elcho, Lord, 420
hlder, Thomas, Esq., 237,405,406
Elder, Mr. William, 359
Eldin, Lord, 261, 314, 315, 399,
Elgin, Earl of, 199
Elliot, General, 95
Elliot, Mr. C., 207, 412
Hliot, Sir Walter, of Stobbs, 41
Ellis, Mr. Williani, 300
Errol, Gilbert Earl of, 203
Erskine, Henry, 5,17, 83, 84,15d
313, 320, 325, 430
Erskine, Colonel John, 29
Crskine, Xiss Mary, 29
Erskine, Sir Chas., of Alva, Bart.
Erskine, Rev. Dr. John, 95, 211
Erskine, Lord, 124, 207, 379
Erskine, Major, 128
Erskine, John, of Carnock, 171
Erskine, David, of Carnock, 173
Erskine, Mrs., 175, 176
Erskine, Colonel, 211
Erskine, Daft Davie, 223
Erskine, Major Archibald, 237
385, 419
349 ... INDEX TO THE NAMES, ETC. Erskine, Sir William, 249 Erskine, Henry David, 289 Erskine, Sir James St. Clair, ...

Book 8  p. 611
(Score 2.11)


Book 8  p. iii
(Score 2.09)

(Ftonr fhe Plafe in ?The Works in Architcchrrc of Robed andfams Adam,? L a b , 1788-1Saz. For Refirewes seep. 27.) ... THE COLLEGE BUILDINGS. 21 ORIGINAL PLAN OF THE PRINCIPAL STOREY OF THE NEW BUILDING FOR THE ...

Book 5  p. 21
(Score 2.05)


Book 10  p. 269
(Score 2.04)

VOL. 11.

Book 9  p. iii
(Score 2.02)

his celebrated discovery of jxed air, or carbonic acid gas. We are informed
by himself, that he was led to the examination of the absorbent earths, partly
by the hope of discovering a new sort of lime and limewater, which might possibly
be a more powerful solvent of the stone than that commonly used. The
attention of the public had been directed to this subject for some years. Sir
Robert, as well as his brother, Horace, afterwards Lord Walpole, were troubled
with the stone. They imagined that they had received benefit from a medicine
invented by a Mrs. Stephens; and, through their interest principally, she
received five thousand pounds sterling for revealing the secret. It was accordingly
published in the Londm Gazette on the 19th June 1739. This .had
directed the attention of medical men to the employment of lime-water in cure
of the stone. Upon the publication of the thesis, it immediately attracted the
attention of chemical- philosophers ; and Dr. Black is now universally acknowledged
to be the founder of pneumatic chemistry, and to have opened an iinmense
field for observation and experiment to the philosophical world, which
before his time had never been explored or even thought of.
Dr. Cullen removing to Edinburgh in 1756, Dr. Black was appointed Professor
of Anatomy and Lecturer on Chemistry ; but not conceiving himself so well
qualsed for filling the anatomical chair, he obtained the concurrence of the University
to accomplish an exchange with the Professor of Medicine. He brought
to maturity his theory of latent heat, some time between 1759 and 1763 ; and
he read, in April 1762, to a select society in Glasgow, the result of his experiments
on the subject. Much about the same year he read the essay on latent
heat before a society in Edinburgh, bearing the name of the Newtonian Society,
instituted in 1759. The delicate state of his health was the cause of his
never publishing an account of his doctrine, as the slightest exertion, if continued
for any length of time, always brought on a spitting of blood ; and the
excitement which a publication of this description would necessarily have produced,
and the controversy and criticism that would have followed, was much
more than his feeble frame could have borne.
In 1764, it was fortunate both for Dr. Black and science, that Mr. James
Watt, so justly celebrated for his improvements of the steam-engine, became his
pupil, he being at that time employed in repairing the model of a steam-engine
for the Natural Philosophy class in the University.
In the year 1766, Dr. Cullen, the Professor of Chemistry in the University of
Edinburgh, was appointed Professor of Medicine; and the chemical chair in
the University thus becoming vacant, Dr. Black was immediately appointed to
it, and he continued one of the chief ornaments of the University for a space of
about thirty years.
Dr. Black lived on very friendly terms with most of the many literary
characters then resident in the northern metropolis. Amongst these we may
mention his relative, Dr. Adam Ferguson, Mr. Home, author of the tragedy of
DozcgZus, Dr. Alexander Carlyle, Sir George Clerk of Penycuick, his brother
Mr. Clerk of Eldin, Dr. Roebuck, and Dr. Hutton. ... Amongst these we may mention his relative, Dr. Adam Ferguson , Mr. Home, author of the tragedy ...

Book 8  p. 74
(Score 2.02)


Book 10  p. 258
(Score 1.99)

The Royal Eank of Scotland.
The Scottish Provident Institution.
The British Linen Company's Rank
The Scottish Widows' Fund Office.
CHAR L 0 T T E S (2 U X R E.
Charlotte Square-Its Early Occupants-Sir John Sinclair, Bart.-Lamond of that Ilk-Sir Williarn Fettes-Lord Chief Commissioner Adam-
Alexander Dirom-St George's Church-The Rev. Andrew Thornson-Prince Consort's Memorial-The Parallelogram of the first New
CHARLOTTE SQUARE, which corresponds with that
of St. Andrew, and closes the west end of George
Street, as the latter closes the east, measures about
180 yards each way, and was constructed in 1800,
after designs by Robert Adam of Maryburgh, the
eminent architect ; it is edificed in a peculiarly
elegant and symmetrical manner, all the fasades
corresponding with each 0the.r. In 1874 it was
beautified by ornamental alterations and improvements,
and by an enclosure of its garden area, at a
cost of about d3,000. Its history is less varied
than that of St. Andrew Square.
During the Peninsular war No. z was occupied
by Colonel Alexander Baillie, and therein was the
Scottish Barrack office. One .of the earliest OCCUpants
of No. 6 was Sir James Sinclair of Ulbster, ... AND NEW EDINBURGH. cst. Andrew Sq- ST. ANDREW SQUARE, The Royal Eank of Scotland. The Scottish Provident ...

Book 3  p. 172
(Score 1.96)


Book 10  p. 257
(Score 1.91)

380 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [South Bridge.
~~ ~~~
mechanics, and such other branches of science as
were necessary in their various crafts, an association
was formed, and with this general object in view
the School of Arts was duly inaugurated on the
16th of October, ISPI, by a meeting at which the
Lord Provost, afterwards Sir William Arbuthnot,
Bart., presided. The two leading classes then
established, and which continue to this day to be
fundamental subjects of education in the school,
were Chemistry and Mechanical or Natural Philosophy.
The first meetings of the school were in a
General Hope, it was resolved that an edifice
should be erected with that view, appropriate to
the name and character of Watt, and that it should
be employed for the accommodation of the School
of Arts and to promote the interests of the class
from which he sprang.
The directors had by them L400, which they
resolved to add as a Subscription for this memorial,
to the end that their school should have a permanent
building of its own ; but it was not till
1851 that arrangements were completed, by which,
SURGEON SQUARE. (Rrom a Drawing by Sh#krd,julZishd zn 1829.)
humble edifice in Niddry Street, but after a time it
was moved to one of the large houses described
in Adam Square.
Continued success attended the school from
its opening; it had the support of all classes of
citizens, particularly those connected with the
learned professions ; the subscription list showing
a sum of ;E450 yearly, and from this the directors,
by thrifty management, were able to put aside money
from time to time, as a future building fund.
For the purpose of erecting a memorial in
honour of James Watt at Edinburgh, a meeting
was held in July, 1824. On thewotion of the
.*Me Lord Cockburn, seconded by the Solicitorinstead
of erecting a new house, the old one in
Adam Square, which had been occupied by the
school for nearly thirty years, was purchased, when
the accumulated fund amounted to ~ 1 , 7 0 0 , and
the directors adding ASoo, obtained the house
for A2,500, after which it took the name of The
Watt /nsfifufion and SchooZ of Arts.
In May, 1854, the directors placed a statue of
James Watt, on a granite pedestal, in the little
square before the school, where both remained
till r871, when the building in Adam Square, which
had become too small for the requirements of the
institution, was pulled down, with those which adjoined
it, to make way for the broad and spacious ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [South Bridge. ~~ ~~~ mechanics, and such other branches of science as were necessary ...

Book 2  p. 380
(Score 1.85)

in the rooms of Stewart, Blair, or Robertson. . , .
But Edinburgh offered tables and entertainers of a
less staid character, when the glass circulated with
greater rapidity, when wit flowed more freely, and
when there were neither high-bred ladies to charm
conversation within the bounds of modesty, nor
serious philosophers nor grave divines to set a
limit to the licence of speech or the hours of
enjoyment. To those companions, who were all
of the better classes,
the levities of the rustic
poet?s wit and humour
were as welcome as
were the tenderest of
his narratives to the
accomplished Duchess
of Gordon or the beautiful
Miss Burnet of
Monboddo ; theyraised
a social roar not at all
classic, and demanded
and provoked his sallies
of wild humour, or
indecorous mirth, with
as much delight as he
had witnessed among
the lads of Kyle,
when, at mill or forge,
his humorous sallies
abounded as the ale
While in Edinburgh
Bums was the frequent
and welcome guest ot
John Campbell, Precentor
of the Canongate
Church, a famous
amateur vocalist in his
time, though forgotten
now ; and to him Bums
applied for an introduction
to Bailie Gentle,
After a stay of six months in Edinburgh, Burns ? set out on a tour to the south of Scotland, accompanied
by Robert Ainslie, W.S. ; but elsewhere we
shall meet him again. Opposite the house in which
he dwelt is one with a very ancient legend, BZissit.
be. th. bra. in, aZZ. His .gz)Xs. nm. and. euir. In
1746 this was the inheritance of Martha White,
only child of a wealthy burgess who became a
banker in London. She? became the wife of
to the end that he might accord his tribute to the
memory of the poet, poor Robert Fergusson, whose
grave lay in the adjacent churchyard, without a
stone to mark it. Bailie Gentle expressed his
entire concurrence with the wish of Bums, but
said that ?he had no power to grant permission
without the consent of the managers of the Kirk
?Tell them,? said Burns, ?it is the Ayrshire
ploughman who makes the request.? The authority
was obtained, and a promise given, which we
believe has been sacredly kept, that the grave
should remain inviolate.
Charles niIlth Earl of
Kincardine, and afterwards
Earl of Elgin,
?? undoubted heir male
and chief of d l the
Bruces in Scotland,?
as Douglas records.
The countess, who died
in 1810, filled, with
honour to herself, the
office of governess to
the unfortunate Princess
Charlotte of Wales.
One of the early
breaches made in the
vicinity of the central
thoroughfare of the city
was Bank Street, on
tlie north (the site of
Lower Baxter?s Close),
wherein was the shop
of two eminent cloth
merchants, David
Bridges and Son, which
became the usual resort
of the whole Ziteraii of
the city in its day.
David Bridges junior
had a strongly developed
bias towards
literary studies, and,
according to the memoirs
of Professor WiE
son, was dubbed by the Blackwood nits, (? Director-
General of the Fine Arts.? His love for these and
the drama was not to be controlled by his connection
with mercantile business ; and while the sefiior
partner devoted himself to the avocations of trade in
one part of their well-known premises, the younger
was employed in adorning a sort of sanctum, where
one might daily meet Sir Walter Scott and his
friend Sir Adam Ferguson (who, as a boy, had
often sat on the knee of David Hume), Professor
Tradition points to the window on the immediate right (marked *)
as that of the mom occupied by Burns. ... might daily meet Sir Walter Scott and his friend Sir Adam Ferguson (who, as a boy, had often sat on the knee ...

Book 1  p. 107
(Score 1.8)

Fountainbrige.1 ADAM RITCHIE. 221
master?s son.? This centenarian died with ? all his
teeth fresh and complete, and made it his boast
that he could crack a nut with the youngest and
The Edinburgh Magazi/re for 1792 records the
death of his brother William, in his 106th year,
adding, that ?? he was twice married End had twenty-
comprehended two districts, the Easter and Wester,
lies wholly to the westward of Wharton Lane and the ... ADAM RITCHIE. 221 master?s son.? This centenarian died with ? all his teeth fresh and complete, ...

Book 4  p. 221
(Score 1.74)

Greyfriars Church.] TOMBS.
1. The hlartyrs' Monument : o Monument of Sir G. McKenzie commonly called '' Blocd McKenzie " 16gz; 3, Wilhm CarJtarrs Rdomer,
and Principal of the Uhiversity of Edinburgh, 17x5 ; 4, Ebtranrx to the South Gmu$ known 85 ihq Covenant4 Rim ; 5, J&nhYhG
Keeper of the Signet, 1614 ; 4 C M y ol DaLy, 1633 ; 7, William Adam, Archirat, 1748, and W b h h n , D.D., 1793. ... Church.] TOMBS. TOMBS IN GREYFRIARS CHURCHYARD. 1. The hlartyrs' Monument : o Monument of Sir G. ...

Book 4  p. 381
(Score 1.73)


Book 8  p. 301
(Score 1.72)


Book 9  p. 456
(Score 1.72)


Book 10  p. 336
(Score 1.71)


Book 10  p. 295
(Score 1.67)

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